fbpx

Survey of World Architecture -Project Interpretation | Online Assignment Help

Survey of World Architecture 3 Arch 35202, Fall 2018 Instructor: Prof. Cesare Birignani Section Leaders: Sonja Gandert, Mary Gilmartin, Horacio Ramos Research Project #1: Physical Space, Columbus Circle Issued: Friday, Sept. 14 Due: Friday, Oct. 5 This is the first of three assignments intended to introduce you to different methods of historical research. Over the course of these assignments, you will consider the physical, social, and symbolic construction of space, analyze form for meaning, and come to terms with change over time. Project’s goals: Description, analysis, and interpretation of the physical construction of space. Research methods: Empirical, archival. Site: Columbus Circle, intersection of Eighth Avenue, Broadway, Central Park South (West 59th Street), and Central Park West, at the southwest corner of Central Park. Some context: Designed by William Phelps Eno, an early pioneer in road safety and traffic control, Columbus Circle was completed in 1905, having been added to the South West corner of Frederick Law Olmstead’s Central Park in the early 1870s. The circle connects traffic from four main streets: Eighth Avenue, Broadway, Central Park South, and Central Park West. Originally intended to serve horses and horse-drawn carriages and then automobiles, the circle is now a major vehicular roadway and a pedestrian crosswalk as well.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Assignment on
Survey of World Architecture -Project Interpretation | Online Assignment Help
Just from $13/Page
Order Now

In 1892, the four-hundred-year anniversary of the “discovery” of the Americas, the circle was renamed to commemorate Christopher Columbus, after local Italian Americans donated a sculpture of the Italian explorer to New York City. Italian Americans, recent arrivals to the United States, experienced intense discrimination as Catholic, non-English speaking immigrants, and the gift of this sculpture showed their determination to stake a place in U.S. public culture and celebrate their cultural and artistic traditions. The sculpture faces the Merchant’s Gate to Central Park and the USS Maine National Monument, built in 1913 as a memorial to the sailors killed aboard the USS Maine in 1898 during the Spanish American War. The newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst promoted the war with extreme anti-Spanish rhetoric in his newspaper, the New York Journal, giving birth to “yellow journalism,” and he also used his paper to raise funds for the memorial.

Symbolic interpretations continue to dominate contemporary discussions of Columbus Circle. This is particularly true today as recent events are causing many to rethink the role of monuments and their relationship to U.S. history. But before Columbus Circle was a flashpoint in debates about public space, it was an architectural and urban design problem that needed to be solved. In this assignment, you will consider a symbolically charged site from the perspective of the physical and grapple with how it came to be. How was Columbus Circle physically produced between the 1870s and 1910s? Instructions I. Fieldwork: Visit Columbus Circle. Observe the street. How is space physically constructed at the traffic circle? What are the constituent parts of the circle and how do they function? How do

Deedee Kopciel
Deedee Kopciel

the park, the circle, and the main transportation arteries that run through it relate to one another? Consider how pedestrians and cars navigate the streets and how the circle relates to its surroundings, particularly Central Park. Take field notes. Make sketches. Record what you see. II. Archival Research: Locate three original fire-insurance maps of Columbus Circle (one from the 1870s, one from the 1900s, and one from the 1910s) at the Map Division of the New York Public Library [www.nypl.org/about/divisions/map-division] or the New York City Municipal Archives [www1.nyc.gov/site/records/about/municipal-archives.page]. Analyze the maps. Where and how can you see how the circle changed over time? III. Writing: Synthesize your empirical and archival research. How do the maps deepen your understanding of the site? Do they complement your experiences in real space? Do they contradict them? What conclusions can you draw? In the conclusion of your paper, consider the symbolic construction of space and the contemporary moment. As cities like Los Angeles are abolishing Columbus Day in an effort to address histories of imperialism and rewrite our nation’s cultural narrative, what do you think about the commemorative function of the circle? Has the research you’ve conducted about the physical construction of the circle impacted your opinion? Why or why not? Your paper must be 3 to 5 pages long, not including drawings or other images, and be written in the first-person (your voice) rather than third-person. You should illustrate your analysis of the fire-insurance maps (archival research) and your experience of the site (empirical research/fieldwork) using sketches, diagrams, trace drawings, maps, photographs, etc. Illustrations can be included in the text as figures or assembled in a single collage on a 24” x 24” sheet. Remember to add brief captions to your illustrations. The paper should be clearly written and proofread. The paper should be typed, with 1-inch margins all around. Use 12-point, double-spaced type for the body of the text and 10-point, single-spaced type for footnotes. Remember, all work must be your own. Copying (including from the Internet) is plagiarism. Cite all your sources, including maps, according to the Chicago Manual of Style. Poorly written essays will be returned, marked “R”—meaning revise and seek help at the Writing Center. For background, consider these texts:

William Phelps Eno, Street Traffic Regulation (New York: The Rider and Driver Publishing Co., 1909), esp. 27-30.

[books.google.com/books?id=oP08AAAAYAAJ&dq] George J. Lankevich, “Columbus Circle,” in The Encyclopedia of New York City, ed. Kenneth

T. Jackson, 2nd ed. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010): 287-88. [books.google.com/books?id=lI5ERUmHf3YC]

Bénédicte Dechamps, “‘The Cornerstone is Laid’: Italian American Memorial Building in New York City and Immigrants’ Right to the City at the Turn of the Twentieth Century,” in European Journal of American Studies 10, no. 3 (2015): 2-10. [journals.openedition.org/ejas/11299]

Another useful source is the podcast

“Columbus Circle: A Century of Controversy,” The Bowery Boys (Sept. 15, 2017). [boweryboyshistory.com/2017/09/history-columbus-circle-century-controversy.html]

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Choose Us

Quality Papers

At Myhomeworkwriters.com, we always aim at 100% customer satisfaction. As such, we never compromise o the quality of our homework services. Our homework helpers ensure that they craft each paper carefully to match the requirements of the instruction form.

Professional Academic Writers

With Myhomeworkwriters.com, every student is guaranteed high-quality, professionally written papers. We ensure that we hire individuals with high academic qualifications who can maintain our quality policy. These writers undergo further training to sharpen their writing skills, making them more competent in writing academic papers.

Affordable Prices

Our company maintains a fair pricing system for all academic writing services to ensure affordability. Our pricing system generates quotations based on the properties of individual papers.

On-Time delivery

My Homework Writers guarantees all students of swift delivery of papers. We understand that time is an essential factor in the academic world. Therefore, we ensure that we deliver the paper on or before the agreed date to give students ample time for reviewing.

100% Originality

Myhomeworkwriters.com maintains a zero-plagiarism policy in all papers. As such, My Homework Writers professional academic writers ensure that they use the students’ instructions to deliver plagiarism-free papers. We are very keen on avoiding any chance of similarities with previous papers.

Customer Support 24/7

Our customer support works around the clock to provide students with assistance or guidance at any time of the day. Students can always communicate with us through our live chat system or our email and receive instant responses. Feel free to contact us via the Chat window or support email: support@myhomeworkwriters.com.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

You will get a personal manager and a discount.
We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Homework Writing Services

My Homework Writers holds a reputation for being a platform that provides high-quality homework writing services. All you need to do is provide us with all the necessary requirements of the paper and wait for quality results.

Essays

Essay Writing Services

At My Homework Writers, we have highly qualified academic gurus who will offer great assistance towards completing your essays. Our homework writing service providers are well-versed with all the aspects of developing high-quality and relevant essays.

Admissions

Admission and Business Papers

With Myhomeworkwriters.com, we will help you secure a position at your desired institution. Our essay writing services include the crafting of admissions papers. We will still help you climb your career ladder by helping you write the official papers that will help you secure a job. We will guide you on how to write an outstanding portfolio or resume.

Editing

Editing and Proofreading

Myhomeworkwriters.com has a professional editorial team that will help you organize your paper, paraphrase it, and eliminate any possible mistakes. Also, we will help you check on plagiarism to ensure that your final paper posses quality and originality.

Coursework

Technical papers

My Homework Writers harbors professional academic writers from diverse academic disciplines. As such, we can develop homework writing services in all academic areas. The simplicity or complexity of the paper does not affect the quality of homework writing services.