The single biggest influence on the safety management of tankers in the past 30 years is the oil majors vetting process. Describe the various factors that the oil majors vetting manager will consider before approving a tanker for long term timecharter service with his company’s commercial department. Give examples of how elements of TMSA interact with the management of the different departments in a typical tanker operating company and how you would use them to improve efficiency as well as maintaining highest standards of safety management. 500 words Part 1 (This question relates to Module 8) Describe the function of the slop tank and how it is used in cargo operations to discharge crude oil and to process and dispose of previous cargo residues in an oil products tanker. Include descriptions of the equipment used in these processes. Explain the difference between the slop tanks of oil and chemical tankers referring to the governing regulations for the disposal of residues and keeping of records. 500 words. Part 2 (This question relates to Module 8) An LNG tanker has just come out of drydock with all cargo tanks in a gas free and open condition. Describe the procedures that must be completed and the reasons why they must be done before the tanks are ready to start loading a cargo of LNG. 250 words Part 3 (This question relates to Module 9) Describe the measures introduced by the industry in recent years to improve standards at marine tanker terminals. What management tools can be used for a terminal’s managers to assess the effectiveness of their management systems, in particular for berth operations and the ship/shore interface? How is this used by the managers to identify and share best practice and by other stakeholders in the industry to assess the compatibility of terminals and tankers? 500 words Part 4 (This question relates to Module 10) A tanker is fixed to load a cargo of motor gasoline on a standard ASBATANKVOY charter party with the following terms stated in part I Laydays Cargo Freight rate Laytime Demurrage Commencing 01 October 2016. Cancelling 05 October 2016. Gasoline 20,000 tons 5%MOLOO US$60.00 per ton 500 tons per hour shinc load/discharge US$20,000 pdpr The ship arrives at the customary anchorage of the load port on 01 October 0600hrs and the master tenders notice of readiness by email to the charterers agent to load the full cargo option of 21,000 tons. The berth is not immediately available so the ship anchors until 1500hrs. The pilot boards and the ship proceeds up river being all fast at the berth at 2100hrs. There is some delay due terminal reasons and loading starts on 02 October at 0600hrs. Also the terminal managers say they have only 20,000 tons available in their tanks and will not load the full 21,000 as per the masters NOR. Loading is completed on 03 October at 2000hrs and hoses disconnected at 2130hrs. The ship leaves the berth at 2300hrs clears of the river on 04 October at 0400hrs and proceeds on passage to the discharge port. Bill of Lading figure 19,995.5 tons taken from the inspector’s certificate of inspection. The ship arrives at the discharge port on 10 October at 1800hrs and the master tenders notice of readiness by email. The pilot boards without delay and the ship is all fast at the berth at 2100hrs. Discharging starts at 2300hrs. On 11 October at 0600hrs the ship has a boiler breakdown and stops pumping cargo for 2.5 hours while the boiler is repaired. After that discharging continues without problem and is completed on 12 October at 0600hrs with hoses disconnected at 0900hrs. The ship leaves the berth at 1200hrs and drops the pilot at 1500hrs. Prepare a laytime statement and through it answer the following questions, explaining your reasoning and references sources. 1 What would be the total amount payable to the owners for the carriage of the cargo? 2 What was the total laytime used and, if applicable, how much demurrage would be payable. 3 What documents and records would you expect the vessel and terminal to complete and present to each other at load and discharge ports? 750 words
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