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|Thesis statement:Medical fraud has become a serious issue in today’s health sector because of the health hazards it can directly create, increasing the mistrust of qualified doctors, and the economic stress it creates on communities as a whole despite being a method that healthcare providers utilize for generating income.|
|Support (from sources)|
|Key terms to define:
Medical fraud: a term that is used to depict fraudulent acts undertaken by medical professionals, healthcare facilities, and insurance providers that are aimed at providing falsified information regarding diagnosis and treatment of patients.
Healthcare provider: any hospital or medical center that provides any variety of healthcare services and/or treatment for patients.
Insurance claim: providing evidence that medical treatment/diagnosis was performed at a healthcare provider to an insurance company to reimburse any party (facility or patient) for a specified amount.
|Argument 1:Medical fraud could pave the way for more serious health hazards associated with misdiagnosis and/or improper treatment methods.||Patients could take medicines that are not suitable for them or might react negatively to improper treatment and cause them more illness (Li et al., 2018).
Over 371 cases of patient neglect and misdiagnosis in the USA in 2017 (Marvogenis et al., 2018).
|Argument 2:The increased occurrence of medical fraud can cause people to distrust even the most qualified doctors.||Sick people will no longer opt for medical treatment and could seek other alternative methods that are not medically viable (Rashidian et al., 2012).|
|Argument 3:Medical fraud and the costs associated with it could create a series of economic issues that could have adverse effects.||More money and resources will be spent on fraudulent claims and this in turn could expend budgets of both the public and the government (Offen, 1999).
In 2011, 60 billions US dollars was spent of fraudulent healthcare (Leap, 2011)
|Counterargument 1:Doctors often do this as a mean to generate extra income and keep their facilities open.
Rebuttal:Despite its apparent benefit, it is neither ethical nor part of their integrity and medical oath.
|Medical fraud is a crime that is punishable by laws across many countries and a cause of concern and public awareness (Parry, 2017).|
|Counterargument 2: Many doctors and facilities commit fraud unintentionally.
Rebuttal: As an essential part of providing essential services, doctors and providers should be more aware and attentive.
|Healthcare providers and doctors should be always subject to quality audits and monitoring measures that verify their qualifications, performance, and the expenses incurred by them (Krisberg, 2017).|
Leap, T. (2011). Phantom billing, fake prescriptions, and the high cost of medicine : Health care fraud and what to do about it(The culture and politics of health care work). Ithaca: ILR Press.
Parry, J. (2017). China vows to clamp down on academic fraud amid medical journal scandal. Bmj (clinical Research Ed.), 357, 2970. doi:10.1136/bmj.j2970
Mavrogenis, A., Panagopoulos, G., Megaloikonomos, P., Panagopoulos, V., Mauffrey, C., Quaile, A., &Scarlat, M. (2018). Scientific misconduct (fraud) in medical writing. Orthopedics, 41(2), 183. doi:10.3928/01477447-20180123-06
Krisberg, K. (2017). Federal task force issues call for stronger health care cybersecurity.