Psychology Assignment | Psychology
Respond to the following post and explain the multicultural and/or diversity considerations needed, as they relate to the development of the milestone. Use scholarly articles to prove your points
I chose infancy physical development for this discussion. The reason why I chose this development and infancy because this development in infants is important. At this age, if a child is physically delayed with their development this gives the parents as well as the doctors to determine what health issues is occurring and maybe have an early start of getting the infant help. By 12 months of age, children have the physical, cognitive, and emotional means of physically aggressing others. It appears that most children will at some point hit, bite, or kick another child or even an adult. Children’s individual (genetic) characteristics can explain part of the variation in the frequency and stability of this behavior, but the quality of young children’s relations with their environment and the environment’s reaction to this behavior will very likely be important factors. If children are surrounded by adults and other children who are physically aggressive, they will probably learn that physical aggression is part of everyday social interactions. On the other hand, if a child lives in an environment that does not tolerate physical aggression and rewards prosocial behavior, it is likely that the child will acquire the habit of using means other than physical aggression to obtain what he or she wants or for expressing frustration.
It is also important during a mother’s pregnancy the mother eat the right foods in order to help the child physical development as well as other development levels. Micronutrient deficiencies can result in reduced activity and exploration. Both iron and zinc deficiencies even in mild forms, decrease activity in animals, even before growth faltering, and can be reversed with supplementation. Iron-deficient adults have lower voluntary physical activity than iron-replete adults and their activity increases with iron supplementation Infants with iron-deficiency anemia also display lower physical activity compared with iron-replete infants however, the majority of supplementation studies have found no increase in physical activity in infants with supplementation of iron. Zinc supplementation may increase physical activity in infants at risk of zinc. Guatemalan infants receiving zinc spent more time in play and less time lying down compared with controls however, physical activity was not quantified. In India, toddlers receiving multiple micronutrient supplements with zinc had increased physical activity relative to infants receiving the multiple-micronutrient supplement without zinc One study has compared supplementation with multiple-micronutrients and energy with multiple-micronutrients alone, and reported a positive effect on activity in infants suffering moderate wasting with micronutrients plus energy relative to micronutrients alone.