Neuromuscular Disorders

List and describe manifestations, pathophysiology, and clinical features of pulmonary fibrosis, neuromuscular disorders and flail chest Describe the clinical manifestations of myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Neuromuscular disorders are classified as restrictive lung disorders. Patients affected by restrictive lung disorders experience difficulty breathing and have a particularly difficult time taking in deep breaths resulting in low lung volumes. Neuromuscular disorders affect the neuromuscular system which controls voluntary muscles resulting in muscle weakness and/or paralysis. Unfortunately, the muscles needed to breathe are voluntary muscles. The primary muscle used in breathing, the diaphragm, can become impaired when dysfunction in the neuromuscular system occurs. The neuromuscular system consists of the brain, nerves, neurotransmitter chemicals, neuromuscular junction, and spinal cord.

Save Time On Research and Writing
Hire a Pro to Write You a 100% Plagiarism-Free Paper.
Get My Paper

There are many neuromuscular disorders; however, our focus will be on Myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barre. Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder that is characterized by progressive descending weakness of the voluntary muscles. Weakness begins in the head and descends to the feet (mind to the ground). It is the most common neuromuscular disorder and affects women more than men. In order to function correctly, muscles must be able to contract and relax. Myasthenia gravis is a disorder of the neuromuscular junction that prevents proper contraction of the voluntary muscles and is caused when antibodies attack the receptors for acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction thus preventing muscle contraction. Acetylcholine is a chemical that is carried by the nerves and released from the nerve endings. Acetylcholine travels across a muscle synapse (the space between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle) and attaches to many receptor sites found on the muscles. The synapse between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle cell is referred to as a neuromuscular junction. When enough of the receptor sites have been activated by acetylcholine then the muscle contracts. For a muscle to contract it must be stimulated by a motor neuron.

Gillian-Barre is also an autoimmune disorder and is characterized by progressive ascending weakness of the voluntary muscles. Weakness and tingling begin at the legs and move or ascends up past the diaphragm (ground to the brain). If this disorder becomes severe enough then paralysis can occur. There is no known cause of Guillain-Barre and there is no known cure. Gillian-Barre is usually followed by a bacterial or viral infection. It is believed that an infection changes the nature of cells in the nervous system causing the immune system to treat the cells as foreign invaders. The attack by the immune system destroys the myelin sheath that surrounds and protects the nerves. The myelin sheath insulates the nerves that conduct the electrical impulses so the impulses are able to travel uninterrupted back and forth between the brain and muscles.

Though both Myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barre seem very similar, they are very different. Myasthenia gravis can be diagnosed by performing a Tensilon (edrophonium) test.

Gillian-Barre can be diagnosed by performing a lumbar puncture and assessing the cerebrospinal fluid. Both disorders will require the use of high dose steroids and though there is no known cure for Guillian-Barre there are treatments available for Myasthenia gravis. These treatments include the use of anticholinesterase drugs.

Save Time On Research and Writing
Hire a Pro to Write You a 100% Plagiarism-Free Paper.
Get My Paper

Prompt

Provide detailed responses to the following questions.

Explain how neuromuscular disorders result in a restrictive lung disorder?

How is the Tensilon test performed?

How does the Tensilon test prove a diagnosis for or against Myasthenia gravis?

Gibbs' reflective cycle in nursing

Explain the treatment for Myasthenia gravis. Can the Tensilon test be used to diagnose Guillain-Barre? Why or why not?

Once the symptoms of Guillain-Barre become severe enough then what role do respiratory therapists play?

Submit your answers in at least 500 words on a Word document. You must cite at least three references in APA format to defend and support your position.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Homework Writing Services
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Medicine
Great job.
Customer 463301, November 14th, 2022
Management
Excellent. Thank you. I am grateful and I am thankful. I hope you have a wonderful day :)
Customer 454227, May 10th, 2020
Marketing
This is a great paper, can't wait to get my grade back
Customer 453633, February 5th, 2020
SEO
good job
Customer 463813, April 11th, 2023
SEO
Very nice content. I am glad you took the corrections to heart and made the changes. Commendable work.
Customer 463679, February 22nd, 2023
Nursing
Awesome! Thanks
Customer 454007, June 19th, 2020
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Excellent combination.
Customer 462485, April 3rd, 2022
History
Great content. Thoroughly read all instructions.
Customer 462281, April 6th, 2022
History
Good work.
Customer 462717, May 15th, 2022
Business and administrative studies
Good calculations
Customer 462327, June 28th, 2022
Sociology
Always confirm page length (word count) before submitting.
Customer 462809, April 6th, 2022
Business
Commendable.
Customer 452441, April 6th, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat