List and describe manifestations, pathophysiology, and clinical features of pulmonary fibrosis, neuromuscular disorders and flail chest Describe the clinical manifestations of myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Neuromuscular disorders are classified as restrictive lung disorders. Patients affected by restrictive lung disorders experience difficulty breathing and have a particularly difficult time taking in deep breaths resulting in low lung volumes. Neuromuscular disorders affect the neuromuscular system which controls voluntary muscles resulting in muscle weakness and/or paralysis. Unfortunately, the muscles needed to breathe are voluntary muscles. The primary muscle used in breathing, the diaphragm, can become impaired when dysfunction in the neuromuscular system occurs. The neuromuscular system consists of the brain, nerves, neurotransmitter chemicals, neuromuscular junction, and spinal cord.
There are many neuromuscular disorders; however, our focus will be on Myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barre. Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder that is characterized by progressive descending weakness of the voluntary muscles. Weakness begins in the head and descends to the feet (mind to the ground). It is the most common neuromuscular disorder and affects women more than men. In order to function correctly, muscles must be able to contract and relax. Myasthenia gravis is a disorder of the neuromuscular junction that prevents proper contraction of the voluntary muscles and is caused when antibodies attack the receptors for acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction thus preventing muscle contraction. Acetylcholine is a chemical that is carried by the nerves and released from the nerve endings. Acetylcholine travels across a muscle synapse (the space between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle) and attaches to many receptor sites found on the muscles. The synapse between a motor neuron and a skeletal muscle cell is referred to as a neuromuscular junction. When enough of the receptor sites have been activated by acetylcholine then the muscle contracts. For a muscle to contract it must be stimulated by a motor neuron.
Gillian-Barre is also an autoimmune disorder and is characterized by progressive ascending weakness of the voluntary muscles. Weakness and tingling begin at the legs and move or ascends up past the diaphragm (ground to the brain). If this disorder becomes severe enough then paralysis can occur. There is no known cause of Guillain-Barre and there is no known cure. Gillian-Barre is usually followed by a bacterial or viral infection. It is believed that an infection changes the nature of cells in the nervous system causing the immune system to treat the cells as foreign invaders. The attack by the immune system destroys the myelin sheath that surrounds and protects the nerves. The myelin sheath insulates the nerves that conduct the electrical impulses so the impulses are able to travel uninterrupted back and forth between the brain and muscles.
Though both Myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barre seem very similar, they are very different. Myasthenia gravis can be diagnosed by performing a Tensilon (edrophonium) test.
Gillian-Barre can be diagnosed by performing a lumbar puncture and assessing the cerebrospinal fluid. Both disorders will require the use of high dose steroids and though there is no known cure for Guillian-Barre there are treatments available for Myasthenia gravis. These treatments include the use of anticholinesterase drugs.
Provide detailed responses to the following questions.
Explain how neuromuscular disorders result in a restrictive lung disorder?
How is the Tensilon test performed?
How does the Tensilon test prove a diagnosis for or against Myasthenia gravis?
Explain the treatment for Myasthenia gravis. Can the Tensilon test be used to diagnose Guillain-Barre? Why or why not?
Once the symptoms of Guillain-Barre become severe enough then what role do respiratory therapists play?
Submit your answers in at least 500 words on a Word document. You must cite at least three references in APA format to defend and support your position.
Why Choose Us
At Myhomeworkwriters.com, we always aim at 100% customer satisfaction. As such, we never compromise o the quality of our homework services. Our homework helpers ensure that they craft each paper carefully to match the requirements of the instruction form.
Professional Academic Writers
With Myhomeworkwriters.com, every student is guaranteed high-quality, professionally written papers. We ensure that we hire individuals with high academic qualifications who can maintain our quality policy. These writers undergo further training to sharpen their writing skills, making them more competent in writing academic papers.
Our company maintains a fair pricing system for all academic writing services to ensure affordability. Our pricing system generates quotations based on the properties of individual papers.
My Homework Writers guarantees all students of swift delivery of papers. We understand that time is an essential factor in the academic world. Therefore, we ensure that we deliver the paper on or before the agreed date to give students ample time for reviewing.
Myhomeworkwriters.com maintains a zero-plagiarism policy in all papers. As such, My Homework Writers professional academic writers ensure that they use the students’ instructions to deliver plagiarism-free papers. We are very keen on avoiding any chance of similarities with previous papers.
Customer Support 24/7
Our customer support works around the clock to provide students with assistance or guidance at any time of the day. Students can always communicate with us through our live chat system or our email and receive instant responses. Feel free to contact us via the Chat window or support email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
Our writers complete papers strictly according to your instructions and needs, no matter what university, college, or high school you study in.
Our Homework Writing Services
My Homework Writers holds a reputation for being a platform that provides high-quality homework writing services. All you need to do is provide us with all the necessary requirements of the paper and wait for quality results.
At My Homework Writers, we have highly qualified academic gurus who will offer great assistance towards completing your essays. Our homework writing service providers are well-versed with all the aspects of developing high-quality and relevant essays.
Admission and Business Papers
With Myhomeworkwriters.com, we will help you secure a position at your desired institution. Our essay writing services include the crafting of admissions papers. We will still help you climb your career ladder by helping you write the official papers that will help you secure a job. We will guide you on how to write an outstanding portfolio or resume.
Editing and Proofreading
Myhomeworkwriters.com has a professional editorial team that will help you organize your paper, paraphrase it, and eliminate any possible mistakes. Also, we will help you check on plagiarism to ensure that your final paper posses quality and originality.
My Homework Writers harbors professional academic writers from diverse academic disciplines. As such, we can develop homework writing services in all academic areas. The simplicity or complexity of the paper does not affect the quality of homework writing services.