Market Value of Outstanding Debt Assignment | Homework For You
Part I: Initial Expansion Gonzales is a closely held corporation considering a major expansion. The proposed expansion would require the firm to raise $10 million in additional capital. Because Gonzales currently has 50 percent debt and because the family members already have all their funds tied up in the business, the owners cannot supply any additional equity, so the company will have to sell stock to the public. The family wants to ensure that it will retain control of the company. This offering would be Gonzales’s first stock sale, and the owners are not sure exactly what would be involved. For this reason, they have asked you to research the process and to help them decide how to raise the needed capital.
Part II: Subsequent Expansions A few years after the initial expansion, Gonzales wants to build a plant and finance an operation that would manufacture and distribute its homemade salsa and related products to supermarkets throughout the United States and Mexico. Mr. Gonzales, CEO and family head, has begun planning this venture, even though construction is not expected to begin until the current expansion is complete and the company is financially stable, which might take several years. Even so, Mr. Gonzales has some ideas that he would like you to examine. The project’s estimated cost is $30 million, which will be used to build a manufacturing facility and to set up the necessary distribution system. Gonzales tentatively plans to raise the $30 million by selling 10-year bonds, and its investment bankers have indicated that the firm can use either regular or zero coupon bonds. Regular coupon bonds would sell at par and would have annual payment coupons of 12 percent; zero coupon bonds would also be priced to yield 12 percent annually. Either bond would be callable after three years, on the anniversary date of the issue. As part of your analysis, you have been asked to answer the following questions:
Gonzales’s bonds will be callable after three years. If the bonds were not callable, would the required interest rate be higher or lower than 12 percent? What would be the effect on the rate if the bonds were callable immediately? What are the advantages to Gonzales of making the bonds callable?
At the time of the bond issue, Gonzales expects to be an A-rated firm. Suppose the firm’s bond rating was (1) lowered to BBB or (2) raised to AA. Who would make these changes, and what would they mean? How would these changes affect the interest rate required on Gonzales’ new long-term debt and the market value of Gonzales’ outstanding debt? Get Finance homework help today