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Harvard Referencing Style | Referencing Help

Harvard Referencing Style | Referencing Help

Are you looking for a referencing help website to help you out with your Harvard referencing style knowledge? Well, you are in luck. My Homework Writers is a professional writing firm that specializes in offering referencing help to students from all over the world. Over the years, students have been making mistakes during in-text citations and generation of the reference lists. Most of them tend to either confuse the format, or miss out a detail that is crucial for a certain writing style. However, every problem has a solution. My Homework Writers is here to offer college homework solutions to you on how to go about the Harvard referencing style. It is pretty easy and straightforward. All you have to do is understand the specific rules of the Harvard referencing style.

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Harvard Referencing Style

The Harvard referencing style is one of the many referencing styles used to cite and reference the information one uses to draw their content. This style varies from the American Psychological Association (APA), Modern Language Association (MLA), and the Chicago Manual of style. All these differences reflect in the manner in which in-text citations and references list are written in the Harvard referencing style. Although most students do not use the Harvard referencing style, it is widely used by instructors especially in the term papers. Since most students are often not familiar with it, they tend to seek referencing help. Seeking referencing help in this sector is very crucial because it will help you avoid cases of plagiarism. Wrong citations and generation of wrong reference lists can make your paper contain plagiarism. As a result, it could lead to cancellation of your term paper and failure of the module.

Creating Citations in the Harvard Referencing Style

In-text citations are very crucial in the Harvard referencing style. This is because they help show that the ideas one presents in their work are not their own, but belong to the authors t or author they cite in the in-text citations. Most people tend to seek referencing help on how to include in-text citations in the Harvard referencing style because they always confuse the format with that of APA in-text citations. Although the two require the surname of the author and the publication year, the two are different. Here is a guideline by My Homework Writers on how to generate in-text citations in the Harvard referencing style;Harvard referencing style

  • In-text Citations with One Author

You just require the name of the author and the year of publication of the source material.

Format: (Author’s Surname Year of Publication).

Note: There is no comma separating the two. Sometimes, the student may be required to indicate the page number. If so, the format is:

Format: (Author’s Surname Year of Publication, p. 9 [for example] ).

Note: There is a comma between the year of publication and the page number. Again, the page number is indicated by a “p.”

For Example:

Spinach is an example of a kale that is very rich in iron (Bower 2012, p. 5).

  • In-text Citations with Two Authors

Format:

( First Author’s Surname & Second Author’s Surname Year of Publication).

For Example:

Cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the breast, colon, lungs, or any other part (Sharma & Sin 2015).

  • In-text Citations with Four or More Authors

Format:

(First Author’s Surname et al. Year of Publication).

Note: We use the terms et al. to indicate there are more authors. However, unlike in the APA format, there is no comma after the full stop. This is one area where students make mistakes. Thus, in the Harvard referencing style, the in-text citations of sources with more than four authors is as shown above.

For Example:

To understand the Harvard referencing style, it is very convenient for students to acquire referencing help to avoid making mistakes (Blinquez et al. 2017).

Direct Quotations in the Harvard Referencing Style

Among the most sight referencing help on the internet today is how to do direct quotations in the Harvard referencing style. A direct quotation refers to the word-for-word copying of the author’s work in your piece. It is essential to note various guidelines when you are quoting in the Harvard Referencing Style. They include;

Harvard referencing style

  • Quoting 30 or Fewer Words

If your quotation contains 30 or fewer words, it is important to note that a student must use quotation marks. In addition to that, it is essential to note that they must be double quotations as shown (“Text”). Another thing to take note is that the quotations must be written in the form of a paragraph. Lastly, always ensure that you use in-text citations after you complete quoting that piece of work.

For Example:

“Kales contain iron, magnesium, and vitamins A, C, E, and K, which help in increasing energy levels in the body. They contain fiber, and antioxidants that highly benefit the body” (Woods 2014).

  • Quoting 30 or more Words

If your quotation has 30 or more words, you do not use quotation marks. Instead, you write that quotation in an indented paragraph. At the end of that indented paragraph, ensure you indicate the citations. Failure to do this, your paper will contain high levels of plagiarism. Besides that, ensure your in-text citations follow the Harvard referencing style. Failure to do that, your paper will score less due to lack f abiding to the Harvard referencing style guidelines.

For Example:

Since brown rice hasn’t undergone a lot of processing, it still contains high levels of vitamins, minerals, and fiber, which make it more nutritious compared to white rice. Brown rice contains manganese, which is a critical mineral in breaking down protein and carbohydrates to generate energy in the body. Its high fiber content ensures stability in insulin levels and helps the body to maintain its energy levels longer (Mutuku 2018).

Indirect Citations in the Harvard Referencing Style

Most referencing help websites tend to leave this subject out when they are teaching students the Harvard referencing style. However, this subject is very essential to know prior to citing work in the Harvard referencing style. An indirect citation refers to a situation where the ideas of another author are published in the text of another author, yet one has no access to the work of the original author. They are used to show work that was cited by another author which you yourself have not read.

For Example:

The invention of gunpowder came about when the alchemists in China were searching for life-extending elixirs (Miller cited in Agrios 2005).

Note: You must show the author who had previously cited the original author. Additionally, there is no comma between the author’s surname and the year of publication of the source document).

Harvard Referencing Style: Reference List Basics

Despite knowing how to write the in-text citations in the Harvard referencing style, some students still require referencing help on the basis of the reference list in the Harvard referencing style. My Homework Writers is today offering you that help. Here are basics:

  1. All you reference lists should be double-spaced unless you are instructed otherwise. In addition to that, the most preferred font to use is Times New Roman, font size 12.
  2. All your references should be written in a new page with the title ‘References’.
  3. Ensure you write the references for all the in-text citations you have used in your paper.
  4. Organize all your references in the alphabetical order. If there is no author, organize them by the source titles excluding the articles a, an, and the.

How to Cite various Sources in the Harvard Referencing Style

  • A  Journal Article

Most students tend to seek referencing help in this section frequently. This is because they do not know the basic format of how to cite a journal article in the Harvard referencing style. It is very easy t understand and apply. According to My Homework Writers, the basic format entails:

Format:

Author surname, Initial. (Year) Title of article. Title of journal, Vol. no. (Part no./Issue/Month), Pages, use p. or pp.

For Example:

Patak, L.S., Tait, A.R., Mirafzali, L., Morris, M., Dasgupta, S. and Brummett, C.M., (2013). Patient perspectives of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) and methods for improving pain control and patient satisfaction. Regional anesthesia and pain medicine, 38(4), p.326.

  • A Book

Books are the most common used source materials by students and researchers from all over the world. Although it is very easy to cite a book in the Harvard referencing style, the problem comes in when the authors exceed three. Nevertheless, the format of citing a book in the Harvard referencing style is very easy. It is as follows:Harvard referencing style

A Book with One Author:

Format:

Author surname, Initial. (Year). Title. Edition if not the 1st. Place of publication: Publisher.

For Example:

A Book with Two Authors:

Author 1 surname, Initial.  & Author 2 surname, Initial. (Year). Title. Edition if not the 1st. Place of publication: Publisher.

For Example:

Cohen, L., Manion, L. and Morrison, K., 2002. Research methods in education. Routledge.

A Book with Three or more Authors:

Format:

Author surname, Initial. et al. (Year). Title. Edition if not the 1st. Place of publication: Publisher.

For Example:

Rice, R. et al. (2001). Accessing and browsing: information and communication. Cambridge: MIT Press. 

  • A Book Chapter in an Edited Book

Instructors may sometimes require students to generate information on a particular chapter of a book. This is especially the case when writing reflective essays. For those who do not know how to write reflective essays or any other type of essay, contact My Homework Writers. We offer ideal academic writing help in addition to the quality referencing help we provide. For those with troubles on how to cite a book chapter in an edited book, here is the basic format according to My Homework Writers:

Format:

Author(s) of chapter, initials Year of publication, ‘Title of chapter – in single quotation marks’, in Editor(s) – family name and initials (eds), Title of book – italicised, Edition, Publisher, Place of publication, Page numbers.

For Example:

Bernstein, D 1995, ‘Transportation planning’, in WF Chen (ed.), The civil engineering handbook, CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 231-61.

  • A Newspaper or a Magazine

Newspapers and magazines are also very good sources one can use to draw evidence or points for their assignments. Since most students are not familiar with the format of citing such materials, My Homework Writers is providing you with the ideal referencing help of how to go about it. Here is the basic format one should use:

Harvard referencing style

Format:

Author(s) of article – family name and initials Year of publication, ‘Title of article – in single quotation marks’, Title of Newspaper or Magazine– italicised, Day Month, Page number(s)

For Example:

Taylor, D 2018, ‘Data breach notification laws will force businesses to say if they’ve been hacked’, ABC News, 2 February, viewed 5 February 2018, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-02-02/data-breach-notification-laws-coming-on-february-22/9391504

  • Thesis

A thesis is also an important source material students used to gather information for their assignments. Most students hate the ideating of citing theses. Thus, most instructors these days are limiting students to only use theses as the only source material sin their research. This has made most students turn to theses writing services to acquire referencing help of hoe to cite a thesis especially in the Harvard referencing style. Here is the basic format of how to go about it:Harvard referencing style

Format:

The surname of the Author of thesis –Middle name in initials Year of preparation of thesis, ‘Title of thesis – in single quotation marks’, Award, Institution issuing degree, Location of institution. 

For Example:

Exelby, HRA 1997, ‘Aspects of gold and mineral liberation’, PhD thesis, University of Queensland, Brisbane.

Note: The title of the thesis is not in italics. Besides that, it should be written in quotation marks.

  • Report

Not only can a thesis be used as a source of information, but also a report. Reports are mostly ignored by students yet they contain substantial information regarding most rampant issues in the society today. The problem is, although most of the students may want to use them, they have no idea on how to cite them especially in the Harvard referencing style. Besides that, most of them lack a reliable report writing firm from where to acquire referencing help. If you are struggling to acquire a good website from where to acquire referencing help, try My Homework Writers. Here is the format of how to cite a report in the Harvard referencing style:

Format:

Author(s) of report – (person or organization) Year of Publication, Title of report – italicised, Report number (if available), Publisher/ Institution, Place of publication. 

For Example:

Mortimer, M & Cox, M 1999, Contaminants in mud crabs and sediments from the Maroochy River, Environment technical report no. 25, Queensland Department of the Environment, Brisbane.

  • Diagram, Table, or Figure

Here is the basic format of citing a diagram in the Harvard referencing style:

Format:

Last Name of the Author(s) of item – family names or the middle names in initials Year of publication, Title of item –(Should be in italics), Edition, Publisher, Place of publication.

For Example:

Newton, AC 2007, Forest ecology and conservation: a handbook of techniques, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

  • A Video or a DVD

Format:

Author/Producer/Director Year, Title, type of medium, Publisher, Place.

For Example:

Smith, S 2009, Excellence in teaching: lesson planning, DVD, Sunburst Media, Plainview, NY.

Harvard referencing style

  • Social Media

Social media is also another platform researchers can use to draw the material they need for their assignments. Although not all websites offer referencing help in this area, My Homework Writers does. Here is the format of citing social media platforms in the Harvard referencing style:

  • Facebook

Format:

Last name of the Author of the post, initial (s) Year, Name of the page or the content or caption of the post – up to the first 40 words and in italics, Type of post, Date of post – Day Month, viewed Date, <URL>. 

For Example:

University of Queensland Library 2017, The winners of the 2017 Queensland Literary Awards will be revealed at tonight’s ceremony. Good luck to all shortlisted writers!, Facebook status update, October 4, viewed November 1 2017, <https://www.facebook.com/pg/uniofqldlibrary/posts/>.

  • Twitter

Format:

Author of post (last name) , initial(s) Year, Name of the page or the content or caption of the post – up to the first 40 words and in italics, Type of post, Date of post – Day Month, viewed Date, <URL>. 

For Example:

UQ Library 2017, Turtles down by UQ St Lucia Lakes today. Air conditioned library or enjoying the sun and the view – tough choice!, Tweet, 4 October, viewed 12 October 2017, <https://twitter.com/uqlibrary/status/915782138905034752>.

  • Lecture Notes

Format:

Last Name of author(s), Initials of the other names or the institution responsible Year of publication, Title and subtitle of publication ( Should be italicized), Type of medium, Name of institution, Location of institution.

For Example:

Johnson, A 2008, Week 3 Pipes, PowerPoint slides, University of Queensland, Brisban.

  • An E-Book

An e-book refers to an online book that researchers use to acquire information from on a certain subject of interest. They are becoming quite common especially due to the fact that most instructors are using online classes as a mode of teaching. Thus, students have also opted to use online books in their classes. However, students require referencing help in this sector because a few of them know how to cite an e-book. Here is the basic format of citing an online book:

Format:

Author / Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)(Year of publication) Title of the online book (this should be in italics) Edition (if not the first edition) [Online] Place of publication, (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named) Publisher. Available from: URL[Date of access].

For Example:

Bowie, D, Buttle, F, Brookes, M & Mariussen, A 2016, Hospitality marketing, Routledge, London.

  • Music

Contrary to the thoughts of most students, music is also a great source of acquiring information. Music is also another source researchers use to acquire data from. Most students require referencing help in this area because they do not know how to cite music especially in the Harvard referencing style. Therefore, the format of referencing music in the Harvard referencing style is as follows:

Harvard referencing style

Format:

Artist Name (Year of publication of the music) Title of the music (should be in italics) Place of distribution: distribution company. Available at URL (Accessed: day month year)

For Example:

Beyonce (2016) Lemonade [Visual Album] New York: Parkwood Records. Available at: https://www.beyonce.com/album/lemonade-visual-album/ (Accessed: 23 February 2018).

Acquire the Referencing Help you Desire

Are you looking for referencing help on the Harvard referencing style? The good news is, My Homework Writers is here to help you out. Our team of writers has been specializing in the Harvard referencing style for decades now. They have written multiple academic papers under various disciplines in the Harvard referencing style. Therefore, the experiences they have gained have allowed them to master the Harvard referencing style concept.  At My Homework Writers, you can acquire the referencing help you desire at any time of the day. This is because our customer service and writers are available 24/7 to grant you the referencing help you need. All you to do is reach out to us and get our team started on offering you the referencing help in the Harvard referencing style. Try us now!

Do you need any referencing help especially with the Harvard referencing style? Well, you no longer have to worry. My Homework Writers is offering the ideal referencing help on the Harvard referencing style. Thus, if you are having problems understanding the Harvard referencing style, come and acquire referencing help from My Homework Writers. It is a reliable writing service that has continues to offer referencing help to thousands of students globally on a daily basis. Reach us now and get the referencing help you need!

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