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Facts about the New APA 7th Edition

‘How do you cite a YouTube video in APA 7th edition?’ ‘Is APA 7th edition double spaced?’ These are examples of questions being asked on the web relating to the new APA 7th Edition. In this article, we will tackle all the facts you ought to know about the latest changes in the newest version of this formatting style.

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APA 7th edition

Since the introduction of the APA 7th Edition, most researchers and students have been in the dark. Some are aware of the changes, while a significant number of them are ignorant of the changes. It has left most students rushing the last minute when they have tasks to learn what the new changes in this formatting style are. So, do not be surprised to encounter questions such as, ‘what is the difference between APA 6th edition and 7th edition?’ or ‘How do you cite a website with no author in APA 7th edition?’ Before even answering these questions, there are fundamental questions relating to this new version. They are:

 Is There an APA 7th Edition?

Most people are not familiar with the latest version, primarily because students are yet to be tested on it. So, of course, there are doubting Thomas’s who are still not convinced that there is a new version of this famous writing style. Well, there is, and that is the APA 7th Edition. It was released in October of 2019 by the American Psychological Association. It is the new APA manual that replaces the 6th edition that was released back in 2009.

Where Can I Buy APA 7th Edition?

A student or researcher can buy this version in various places. First and foremost, they can obtain the manual bearing the APA 7th edition results at Amazon as a hardcover, paperback, or in the spiral-bound version. Additionally, they can also choose to purchase the manual at RedShelf as an eBook version.

Does the Edition have Changes in How to Cite a Book?

Since most students use books as their reference materials, they are eager to know how to cite a book in APA 7th edition. So they are continually asking online, ‘How do you cite a book in APA 7th edition?’ There are changes in how to cite a book and other materials in this new manual. The changes are a result of specific things. For example, because there will no longer be a publication location in the reference, it means that the reference of a book has also changed to some degree. Nonetheless, the changes are minor and so straightforward.

When Will People Start Using The 7th Edition APA Manual? 

The American Psychological Association predicts that most individuals will begin using the manual of the 7th edition in the spring of 2020 or some time after that. Nonetheless, it does not mean that one cannot start looking at the latest manual beforehand. There are APA 7th edition references examples and even an online APA publication manual introduction that you can peruse. They will give you insight into the latest formatting style requirements. If you have an assignment, consult with your instructor on what APA guidelines you should follow. They may ask you to use other APA editions before you understand the current version. However, others may insist you use the latest one.

APA 7th edition

Facts about the References and in-text citations in the 7th Edition of APA Style

Initially, most students found it challenging to cite in the APA 6th edition. You would always see them on the web asking, ‘How do you reference APA 6th edition?’ They viewed the 6th manual as challenging and complicated. Majority of them always yearned for the day when the APA 8th edition or the 7th version would be launched in the hope that it would make referencing easier. Well, this manual has come will new in-text citation and referencing guidelines that make this task more straightforward. These are changes in the 7th edition that students and researchers need to know. They include:

1. No Publication Location in the Reference

In the previous version, it was mandatory to include the publication location in the reference. It was regardless of whether it was known or not. However, in the current manual, it is not necessary to include it since it has been eliminated. Take a look at an example of the new APA reference page in these formats:  

Before: Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

After: Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. Simon & Schuster.

2. There is a Shortened Version of How to Write In-text Citation for Three or More Authors

The concept of in text citation APA tends to be problematic when there are three or more authors. In most cases, students do not know which authors to include before the ‘et al.’ You find them doing a guesswork game on which author they ought to use. Students can now relax. According to the latest manual, all they have to do is worry about knowing the first author. It is the only content they require to write the in-text citation. There will only be one author present in the in-text citation, regardless of how many authors are present in the material. The format to use in the latest manual is as follows:

Before: (Taylor, Kotler, Johnson, & Parker, 2018)

After: (Taylor et al., 2018)

3. The Format of DOIs will be Similar to that of URLs

According to the APA style center, DOIs will now be referenced the same as the URLs. It goes to mean that words’ Http’ now have to be included when one is referencing an article with a DOI. However, it does not entail only including the ‘Http.’ It must be the whole link. Take a look at how the DOIs will be written as per the latest manual:

Before: DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2018.1560449

After: https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2018.1560449

4. Surnames and Initials of Up to Twenty Authors have to Appear in the Reference List

Previously, a student only needed to include the last names and initials of seven authors in the references list. However, the new format dictates that the last names and initials of twenty authors have to be included. Take a look at how the reference list of material with twenty authors will now look like:

Before: Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Sonia, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Richard, S. T., … Lee, L. H. (2018).

After: Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Sonia, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Richard, S. T., Lewis, F., Lee, L. H., Kate, G., Harris, H. L., Martin, P., Gonzalez, W. L., Hughes, W., Carter, D., Campbell, C., Baker, A. B., Flores, T., Wendy, W. E., Green, G., … Livingstone, T. P. (2018).

APA 7th edition

5. The Words ‘Retrieved From’ are no Longer Necessary

Usually, when a student was citing an online article in the 6th edition, they had to include the words’ Retrieved from’ before the URL. However, that has changed. The URL will no longer be preceded by these words, unless a retrieval date is required. Additionally, the web pages will from now on be italicized and the website name included, although not in all cases. The only time it should not be included is when it is similar to that of the author. Here are the changes in an example of the APA 7th edition sample paper reference:

Before: Walker, A. (2019, November 14). Germany avoids recession but growth remains weak. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50419127

After: Walker, A. (2019, November 14). Germany avoids recession but growth remains weak. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50419127

6. The Format, Device, or Platform of an eBook is No Longer Necessary to Include

Previously when students were citing eBooks, they were required to state the material’s platform in the reference. For example, if it was acquired from Kindle, an individual had to include in brackets the words’ Kindle’. However, with this new version, this is not necessary. Yet, one has to include the publisher. Here is a look at the before and after references of an eBook:

Before: Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellites [Kindle version]. https:/doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2473-2

After: Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellites. Springer Nature. https:/doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2473-2

Facts of the Title Page in the New APA 7th Edition

The title page has also gone through dramatic changes for the better. These changes have made it easier for the students, even if most of them have not yet looked at them. Professional title pages in the newest APA manual should include the following:

  • the title of the work,
  • the name of each author of the paper,
  • the affiliation for each author,
  • an author note (if desired),
  • a running head (which also appears on the following pages,
  • a page number (which also appears on the following pages.

APA 7th edition

Students have been asked to follow the directions of their instructor. However, if there are none given, then their title page should include the following:

  • the title of the work,
  • the name of each author of the paper,
  • the affiliation for each author (this is the school one is attending),
  • the course number and name for which the paper is being written (use the format used by the school or institution (e.g., BUS 218),
  • the name and title of the course instructor (request for the instructor’s preferred form if possible; For example, some instructors may prefer to be addressed as “Dr.,” “Ms.,” “Mrs.,” “Mr.,” or any other title),
  • the assignment’s due date written in the format most common in your country (for example, either January 3, 2020, or 3 January 2020 depending is more appropriate),
  • a page number (which also appears on the following pages.

All students and researchers must know that the words’ Running head’ on the title page has been banned. Do not thereby, include these phrases in a cover page APA style. It means that all the running heads throughout a document will be similar. Here is an APA 7th edition title page example showing the changes in the title page running head:

Before: Running head: THE EFFECT OF GLOBAL WARMING ON THE ENVIRONMENT

After: THE EFFECT OF GLOBAL WARMING ON THE ENVIRONMENT

Facts about the APA 7th Edition Font Size

In the other manuals, individuals were advised to use Times New Roman in font size twelve. However, this newest release has compromised since it is offering a variety of fonts to use and in different sizes. ‘What is APA Format Font?’ You may ask. Well, it varies depending on the font style one is using. Additionally, the spacing also differs depending on an instructor’s instructions. Some professors will require students to single space their work while others will want it double spaced. Always consult with them beforehand. However, in most cases where students are not told about the spacing, it is better if you use double spacing. A student and researcher can now use the following fonts and in the shown font sizes in their APA assignments:

  • Georgia 11Times New Roman 12
  • Calibri 11
  • Arial 11
  • Lucida Sans Unicode 10

What to Know About the Changes in the Heading Levels

There are also some changes to the heading levels. However, not for all, here are the changes:

Heading Level One

Sixth Edition: The heading must be Centered, Boldface, in Uppercase and Lowercase Headings. The text starts in a new paragraph.

Latest Release: The heading must be centered, boldface, and in the title, case heading. The text starts in a new paragraph.

Heading Level Two

Sixth Edition: The heading is flush left, boldface, in uppercase, and lowercase heading. The text starts in a new paragraph.

Latest Release: The heading must be flush left, boldface, and in the title, case heading. The text starts in a new paragraph.

Heading Level Three

Sixth Edition: The heading is indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. The paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.

Latest Release: The heading must be Flush Left, Boldface Italic, and in Title Case Heading. The text starts in a new paragraph.

Heading Level Four

Sixth Edition: It is indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. The paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.

Latest Release: It is indented, boldface title case heading, and ending with a period. The paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.

Heading Level Five

Sixth Edition: The heading is indented, italicized, and lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. The paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.

Latest Release: The heading is indented, boldface italic, and title case heading ending with a period. The paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.

What to Know about How to Cite YouTube

There are new rules relating to APA 7th edition video referencing. When it comes to a YouTube video, an individual has to the words’ YouTube’ in their citation.

For example:

Bozeman Science. (2014, March 10). Integumentary system [Video]. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z5VnOS9Ke3g&feature=share&list=PL0mifQXDgbZy8-UR936WkJcALVm2qiVq3&index=3

Facts to Know about the Mechanics of Style

When it comes to the mechanics, the seventh edition of the APA Publication Manual has some changes compared to the sixth one. However, it is nothing daunting or complicated. The two significant changes in the new release under the mechanics of style include:

  • An individual has to use one space after a period at the end of a sentence. However, they need not do so if their instructor or the publisher states otherwise.
  • Quotation marks have to be used around linguistic examples instead of highlighting these examples with italics. For instance, instead of writing that when typing, one has to press the F key, one has to state it as the “F” key. Additionally, when giving choices in a questionnaire, you have to write them as “agree,” “disagree,” and “other,” instead of the usual method agreedisagree, and other.

APA 7th edition

Facts to Know about the Writing Style and Grammar Usage in the Latest Edition

In this category, the most crucial changes revolve around pronoun usage. For a long time now, the American Psychological Association has been emphasizing on the use of “singular they.” However, it seems that people only knew about it after its emphasis in this release. Well, here is what you need to know other than this following the release of the new manual:

  • The use of “they” as a singular pronoun has been endorsed. Therefore, if you are using a material where the gender of the author is unknown or irrelevant, feel free to represent it with the pronoun “they.”

For example: I am not sure who composed this poem, but they are quite creative.

  • Besides that, the pronoun should also be used in cases where a writer uses “they” as their personal pronoun. In both situations, the individual has to use the appropriate derivatives such them,” “their,” “themselves,” and accordingly. Also, an individual can only use the plural verbs when “they” is denoting a person or entity.

For example: “They are pretty honest” instead of “they is pretty honest.”

  • There are some changes regarding the use of anthropomorphizing language. It has been banned. Hence, it is not advisable to use non-human relative pronouns such as “that” and “which.” These are recommended for animals and inanimate objects. Instead, the manual dictates that individuals use “who.”
  • Similarly, the manual has banned the use of adjectives as nouns to label groups of individuals. Instead, the manual advises people to use descriptive phrases.

For example:

Wrong: The poor will suffer the most during a lockdown

Right: People living in poverty will suffer the most during a lockdown

· Additionally, a student or researcher should not use broad categories. Instead, they have to indicate the specific age ranges that are more relevant and specific.

For example:

Wrong: The sample population will consist of individuals over 65 years old will

Right: The sample population will consist of individuals in the age range of 65 to 75 years old

Facts to Know about the changes in Tables and Figures

There are a few changes that have been made when it comes to formatting tables and figures. However, the changes in this manual are not as dramatic as those in the sixth version. The new changes are as follows:

  • The tables and figures have to be formatted in parallel. It means that they have to be consistent with the rules for titles, notes, and numbering.
  • Secondly, the tables and figures can now be presented either in the text of the document or after the reference list on separate pages.

What there is to Know about APA 7th Edition footnotes

There are certain things that both researchers and students have to note about footnotes in the current manual. These include:

  1. When using whatever type of footnote, an individual has to insert a number formatted in superscript following any punctuation mark, except a dash (—).
  2. A footnote callout should precede the dash. It should only appear in the inside of a set of parentheses if it directly pertains to the content inside.
  3. An individual must insert a space before a footnote callout.
  4. A footnote callout must never occur in a heading.

By paying attention to these guidelines, it now means that the footnotes should appear as shown in the following example:

Example: Caxton’s printing of the Morte Darthur—dated 14851—changes several aspects of the Pentecostal Oath.2 (The Winchester Manuscript’s version of the Oath will be discussed later in this chapter.3)

APA 7th edition

Although most people thought that the new APA 7th edition would be more complicated and filled with numerous guidelines, it is not. Instead, it has very straightforward instructions that make referencing and writing in-text citations in this formatting style quite manageable. It has also expanded the fonts to use in APA assignments, making it more convenient for most researchers.

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