‘How do you cite a YouTube video in APA 7th edition?’ ‘Is APA 7th edition double spaced?’ These are examples of questions being asked on the web relating to the new APA 7th Edition. In this article, we will tackle all the facts you ought to know about the latest changes in the newest version of this formatting style.
Since the introduction of the APA 7th Edition, most researchers and students have been in the dark. Some are aware of the changes, while a significant number of them are ignorant of the changes. It has left most students rushing the last minute when they have tasks to learn what the new changes in this formatting style are. So, do not be surprised to encounter questions such as, ‘what is the difference between APA 6th edition and 7th edition?’ or ‘How do you cite a website with no author in APA 7th edition?’ Before even answering these questions, there are fundamental questions relating to this new version. They are:
Most people are not familiar with the latest version, primarily because students are yet to be tested on it. So, of course, there are doubting Thomas’s who are still not convinced that there is a new version of this famous writing style. Well, there is, and that is the APA 7th Edition. It was released in October of 2019 by the American Psychological Association. It is the new APA manual that replaces the 6th edition that was released back in 2009.
A student or researcher can buy this version in various places. First and foremost, they can obtain the manual bearing the APA 7th edition results at Amazon as a hardcover, paperback, or in the spiral-bound version. Additionally, they can also choose to purchase the manual at RedShelf as an eBook version.
Since most students use books as their reference materials, they are eager to know how to cite a book in APA 7th edition. So they are continually asking online, ‘How do you cite a book in APA 7th edition?’ There are changes in how to cite a book and other materials in this new manual. The changes are a result of specific things. For example, because there will no longer be a publication location in the reference, it means that the reference of a book has also changed to some degree. Nonetheless, the changes are minor and so straightforward.
The American Psychological Association predicts that most individuals will begin using the manual of the 7th edition in the spring of 2020 or some time after that. Nonetheless, it does not mean that one cannot start looking at the latest manual beforehand. There are APA 7th edition references examples and even an online APA publication manual introduction that you can peruse. They will give you insight into the latest formatting style requirements. If you have an assignment, consult with your instructor on what APA guidelines you should follow. They may ask you to use other APA editions before you understand the current version. However, others may insist you use the latest one.
Initially, most students found it challenging to cite in the APA 6th edition. You would always see them on the web asking, ‘How do you reference APA 6th edition?’ They viewed the 6th manual as challenging and complicated. Majority of them always yearned for the day when the APA 8th edition or the 7th version would be launched in the hope that it would make referencing easier. Well, this manual has come will new in-text citation and referencing guidelines that make this task more straightforward. These are changes in the 7th edition that students and researchers need to know. They include:
In the previous version, it was mandatory to include the publication location in the reference. It was regardless of whether it was known or not. However, in the current manual, it is not necessary to include it since it has been eliminated. Take a look at an example of the new APA reference page in these formats:
Before: Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
After: Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. Simon & Schuster.
The concept of in text citation APA tends to be problematic when there are three or more authors. In most cases, students do not know which authors to include before the ‘et al.’ You find them doing a guesswork game on which author they ought to use. Students can now relax. According to the latest manual, all they have to do is worry about knowing the first author. It is the only content they require to write the in-text citation. There will only be one author present in the in-text citation, regardless of how many authors are present in the material. The format to use in the latest manual is as follows:
Before: (Taylor, Kotler, Johnson, & Parker, 2018)
After: (Taylor et al., 2018)
According to the APA style center, DOIs will now be referenced the same as the URLs. It goes to mean that words’ Http’ now have to be included when one is referencing an article with a DOI. However, it does not entail only including the ‘Http.’ It must be the whole link. Take a look at how the DOIs will be written as per the latest manual:
Before: DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2018.1560449
Previously, a student only needed to include the last names and initials of seven authors in the references list. However, the new format dictates that the last names and initials of twenty authors have to be included. Take a look at how the reference list of material with twenty authors will now look like:
Before: Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Sonia, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Richard, S. T., … Lee, L. H. (2018).
After: Miller, T. C., Brown, M. J., Wilson, G. L., Sonia, B. B., Kelly, R. S., Richard, S. T., Lewis, F., Lee, L. H., Kate, G., Harris, H. L., Martin, P., Gonzalez, W. L., Hughes, W., Carter, D., Campbell, C., Baker, A. B., Flores, T., Wendy, W. E., Green, G., … Livingstone, T. P. (2018).
Usually, when a student was citing an online article in the 6th edition, they had to include the words’ Retrieved from’ before the URL. However, that has changed. The URL will no longer be preceded by these words, unless a retrieval date is required. Additionally, the web pages will from now on be italicized and the website name included, although not in all cases. The only time it should not be included is when it is similar to that of the author. Here are the changes in an example of the APA 7th edition sample paper reference:
Before: Walker, A. (2019, November 14). Germany avoids recession but growth remains weak. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50419127
After: Walker, A. (2019, November 14). Germany avoids recession but growth remains weak. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50419127
Previously when students were citing eBooks, they were required to state the material’s platform in the reference. For example, if it was acquired from Kindle, an individual had to include in brackets the words’ Kindle’. However, with this new version, this is not necessary. Yet, one has to include the publisher. Here is a look at the before and after references of an eBook:
Before: Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellites [Kindle version]. https:/doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2473-2
After: Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellites. Springer Nature. https:/doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2473-2
The title page has also gone through dramatic changes for the better. These changes have made it easier for the students, even if most of them have not yet looked at them. Professional title pages in the newest APA manual should include the following:
Students have been asked to follow the directions of their instructor. However, if there are none given, then their title page should include the following:
All students and researchers must know that the words’ Running head’ on the title page has been banned. Do not thereby, include these phrases in a cover page APA style. It means that all the running heads throughout a document will be similar. Here is an APA 7th edition title page example showing the changes in the title page running head:
Before: Running head: THE EFFECT OF GLOBAL WARMING ON THE ENVIRONMENT
After: THE EFFECT OF GLOBAL WARMING ON THE ENVIRONMENT
In the other manuals, individuals were advised to use Times New Roman in font size twelve. However, this newest release has compromised since it is offering a variety of fonts to use and in different sizes. ‘What is APA Format Font?’ You may ask. Well, it varies depending on the font style one is using. Additionally, the spacing also differs depending on an instructor’s instructions. Some professors will require students to single space their work while others will want it double spaced. Always consult with them beforehand. However, in most cases where students are not told about the spacing, it is better if you use double spacing. A student and researcher can now use the following fonts and in the shown font sizes in their APA assignments:
There are also some changes to the heading levels. However, not for all, here are the changes:
Sixth Edition: The heading must be Centered, Boldface, in Uppercase and Lowercase Headings. The text starts in a new paragraph.
Latest Release: The heading must be centered, boldface, and in the title, case heading. The text starts in a new paragraph.
Sixth Edition: The heading is flush left, boldface, in uppercase, and lowercase heading. The text starts in a new paragraph.
Latest Release: The heading must be flush left, boldface, and in the title, case heading. The text starts in a new paragraph.
Sixth Edition: The heading is indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. The paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.
Latest Release: The heading must be Flush Left, Boldface Italic, and in Title Case Heading. The text starts in a new paragraph.
Sixth Edition: It is indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. The paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.
Latest Release: It is indented, boldface title case heading, and ending with a period. The paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.
Sixth Edition: The heading is indented, italicized, and lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. The paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.
Latest Release: The heading is indented, boldface italic, and title case heading ending with a period. The paragraph text continues on the same line as the same paragraph.
There are new rules relating to APA 7th edition video referencing. When it comes to a YouTube video, an individual has to the words’ YouTube’ in their citation.
Bozeman Science. (2014, March 10). Integumentary system [Video]. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z5VnOS9Ke3g&feature=share&list=PL0mifQXDgbZy8-UR936WkJcALVm2qiVq3&index=3
When it comes to the mechanics, the seventh edition of the APA Publication Manual has some changes compared to the sixth one. However, it is nothing daunting or complicated. The two significant changes in the new release under the mechanics of style include:
In this category, the most crucial changes revolve around pronoun usage. For a long time now, the American Psychological Association has been emphasizing on the use of “singular they.” However, it seems that people only knew about it after its emphasis in this release. Well, here is what you need to know other than this following the release of the new manual:
For example: I am not sure who composed this poem, but they are quite creative.
For example: “They are pretty honest” instead of “they is pretty honest.”
Wrong: The poor will suffer the most during a lockdown
Right: People living in poverty will suffer the most during a lockdown
· Additionally, a student or researcher should not use broad categories. Instead, they have to indicate the specific age ranges that are more relevant and specific.
Wrong: The sample population will consist of individuals over 65 years old will
Right: The sample population will consist of individuals in the age range of 65 to 75 years old
There are a few changes that have been made when it comes to formatting tables and figures. However, the changes in this manual are not as dramatic as those in the sixth version. The new changes are as follows:
There are certain things that both researchers and students have to note about footnotes in the current manual. These include:
By paying attention to these guidelines, it now means that the footnotes should appear as shown in the following example:
Example: Caxton’s printing of the Morte Darthur—dated 14851—changes several aspects of the Pentecostal Oath.2 (The Winchester Manuscript’s version of the Oath will be discussed later in this chapter.3)
Although most people thought that the new APA 7th edition would be more complicated and filled with numerous guidelines, it is not. Instead, it has very straightforward instructions that make referencing and writing in-text citations in this formatting style quite manageable. It has also expanded the fonts to use in APA assignments, making it more convenient for most researchers.
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