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Criminal Justice Issues (milestone 1)
Southern New Hampshire University
The criminal justice system has not escaped the influence of racial profiling. Racial discrimination of the various minority groups still affects the justice system in manners of bail decisions, use of deadly force, imprisonment rates, and parole decisions. The criminal justice system has created a situation where the minority groups have a higher chance of being charged unfairly and treated unfairly. Minority groups such as the black community, Latin Americans, and the Native Americans no longer can rely on the criminal justice system. The impact of the resulting racial profiling in criminal justice has been the violence and horror created among minority groups (Phillips, 2007). The groups no longer enjoy the same educational and economic benefits equally. The problem needs to be addressed because justice is one form of addressing human rights.
The evolution of racism in criminal justice began during the times of civil wars and black lives movements. For the black minorities, the racism began during the ears of slavery and continued to the 1960s where there was an uprising against segregation and the civil rights movements. The police brutality against the abolitionists was severe. The use of deadly force created a situation of tension between the police and the blacks. Even with the withdrawal of segregation policies, the act was irrelevant because justice was still administered unfairly.
From the brutality and force against the black movements, perceptions of self-defense emerged, and the black community had to find a way to defend themselves from the justice system, which should be providing protection. The police have become the enemy and are not to be trusted. The perception of police not getting along with the black communities was born, and parents teach their children how to live as a black. The growth of technology has come in handy in profiling the injustice that the black communities have been going through, and this is going a long way in defending the justice of the black lives. Such movements as black lives matter remind the justice system of the injustices that the community has gone through and try to change the situation. Police brutality and use of deadly force have captured the eyes of many.
Phillips Coretta, 2007. Racism in the criminal justice system: the impact of the new labor policy. Centre for crime and justice studies. Retrieved from https://www.crimeandjustice.org.uk/sites/crimeandjustice.org.uk/files/09627250708553206.pdf
CJ 500 Milestone Two Guidelines and Rubric
Overview: For this assignment, you will submit your in-depth analysis of the contemporary criminal justice issue that you have selected. This analysis will identify factors contributing to the issue by examining the criminological theories behind it. Specifically, what criminological theory forms your understanding of the issue? Indicate the impact of this issue on the criminal justice system. For example, how does the issue impact law enforcement, the courts, and corrections?
Address the negative impacts of the issue on the criminal justice system, the general public, and specific populations. Then, identify the strategies to influence change. Be sure to cite any data you have analyzed so far, data which you will rely upon to provide recommendations to your criminal justice issue in both the Module Six Short Paper and your Milestone Three submission in Module Seven.
Prompt: Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:
II. Issue Analysis
A. Select a criminological theory that informs your understanding of the issue, justifying your selection.
B. Identify factors contributing to the issue, justifying your identifications with the selected criminological theory. In other words, what are the factors contributing to the issue? How is the identification of these factors supported by the selected theory?
C. Describe how the issue impacts the criminal justice system, providing specific examples of how the branches of the criminal justice system are affected by the issue. For example, how does the issue impact law enforcement, the courts, and corrections?
D. Describe how the issue impacts the general public, providing specific examples. Does the issue affect specific populations?
E. Determine the key stakeholders of the issue, identifying both the key people impacted by the issue, as well as those with the power to influence change. Justify your selections.
F. Describe strategies that are currently employed to address the issue. These strategies may be used in the community with the issue, or in a different community with the same issue.
G. Assess the effectiveness of the previously identified strategies in addressing the issue, justifying your assessment. How effectively do the strategies combat the issue, and where are there gaps?
H. How does your previous assessment impact the specific branches of the criminal justice system? Justify your response. In which branches are the strategies most and least effective?
Guidelines for Submission: Your submission should include a reference to recent peer-reviewed articles, be at least 2 pages in length (in addition to title and reference pages) and should use double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Use APA style to cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page.
Refer to the Criminal Justice Library Tips document for assistance in finding and citing outside sources. The Problem-Solving Strategies and Sample document demonstrate how a problem-solving strategy can be applied to help find a solution to a problem.
Please note that the grading rubric for this milestone submission is not identical to that of the final project. The Final Project Rubric will include an additional “Exemplary” category that provides guidance as to how you can go above and beyond “Proficient” in your final submission.