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Imagine you lived in the 19th century. What are some of the important concepts of this century as indicated in the writing below of Durkheim or Marx that may be impact your decision making in your personal life or workplace life? Think about your role as either a woman or man in the 19th century. Please share your feedback!!
The three-theorist reviewed Emile Durkheim, Max Weber and Karl Marx, all had relevant theories that are still viewed and to a degree practiced today. They have evolved of course with time, but each still having significant value to our practices and views. Since they have a wide range application, they can fit into different cultures and societies.
Emile Durkheim focused on structural functional perspectives, meaning we must have social order to produce a result. Also focusing on the values and norms that are socially acceptable and acceptable to society. The economic system had a significant impact on an individual mentally wellbeing. Even in the rise of capitalism wealth may have given them wealth but it did not make them happy. Class had large impact on the happiness in modern capitalism. Making wrong choices in modern capitalism people would become unhappy because of failure upon being able to obtain a certain status. Simply too tired, too busy and too uncertain causing unhappiness. He focused on the high suicide rates during this time, he knew the ills of a modern economy. Later in his career he ended up turning to religion late in his career.
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Max Weber was theorist in the process of rationalization. He was around during a time of lots of changes, more specially technology. Capitalism, involved protestants, he stated that protestants have a heightened sense of insecurity because they knew they would be not be forgiven like Catholics before judgement day, so because they carried a sense of guilty they worked harder, in turn they were obsessed with a mindset of hard work. It was also stated that people became capitalist as a result of their religion. He stated that some countries were not capitalist because they did not feel guilty therefor, they did not have to work so hard. He saw three ages of traditional, charismatic and bureaucracy. Bureaucratic process will help change nations.
Karl Marx believed that capitalism shrinked the wages of the workers, workers worked hard while the capitalist got rich. He felt that profit was like theft. Profit a fancy term for exploitation. In our world today during our COVID crisis this was recently seen through price gouging. He wanted to see the profits redistribute the wealth. He viewed relationships as a vice, they were based on economics and financial constraints, making life artificial. He wanted people to have their own ideas, not the ideals of what economy dictated.
All three theorist had similarity in that all their theories focused on how factors of society, religion, economic status and values affect ones way of acting, feeling or responding to their environment. Durkheim how material and expectations have an affect on ones well being, Weber stating religion drove a persons motivation to work and how they worked, to Marx who said it was economy that drove people controlled their ideas.