Cost q 1 | Business & Finance homework help

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1. To allocate corporate costs to divisions, the allocation base used should:

be an output unit-level base

have the best cause-and-effect relationship with the costs

combine administrative costs and human resource management costs

allocate the full costs
Question 2
1. To improve customer profitability, companies should:

strictly enforce their volume-based price discounting policy

track discounts by customer

track discounts by sales person

Both B and C are correct.

Question 3
1. ________ categorizes costs related to customers into different cost pools on the basis of either different classes of cost drivers or different degrees of difficulty in determining the cause-and-effect (or benefits-received) relationships.

Customer-profitability analysis

Customer revenues

Customer cost hierarchy

Price discounting

Question 4
1. Dropping an unprofitable customer will:

eliminate long-run costs assigned to that customer

eliminate most short-run costs assigned to that customer

decrease long-run profitability

increase the potential to cross-sell other products that are more desirable

 

Question 5
1. Edna’s Flowering Plants provides the following information for the month of May:
Actual Actual Budget Budget
Fuchsia Dogwood Fuchsia Dogwood
Sales in Units 10,000 2,500 8,000 2,000
Contribution margin per unit $9 $7 $10 $8
2. What is the budgeted contribution margin per composite unit for the budgeted mix?

$8.00

$8.60

$9.00

$9.60
Question 6
1. Zorro Company manufactures remote control devices for garage doors. The following information was collected during June:
Actual market size (units) 10,000
Actual market share 32%
Actual average selling price $10.00
Budgeted market size (units) 11,000
Budgeted market share 30%
Budgeted average selling price $11.00
Budgeted contribution margin per
composite unit for budgeted mix $ 5.00
What is the market-size variance?

$500 U

$1,500 U

$1,600 F

$1,000 F

Question 7
1. Same data as question #6
What is the sales-quantity variance?

$1,500 U

$1,000 F

$500 U

The variance cannot be determined
Question 8
1. The Fancy Flier Airplane Corporation has a central materials laboratory. The laboratory has only two users, the Large Plane Department and the Small Plane Department. The following data apply to the coming budget year:
Budgeted costs of operating the materials laboratory
for 10,000 to 20,000 technician hours per year:
Fixed costs per year $600,000
Variable costs $80 per technician hour
Budgeted long-run usage in hours per year:
Large Plane Department 9,000 technician hours
Small Plane Department 7,000 technician hours
Budgeted amounts are used to calculate the allocation rates. Actual usage for the year by the Large Plane Department was 6,000 technician hours and by the Small Plane Department was 6,500 technician hours. If a dual-rate cost-allocation method is used, what amount of materials laboratory costs will be budgeted for the Small Plane Department?

$1,057,500

$763,750

$705,000

$822,500

Question 9
1. When budgeted cost-allocations rates are used:

variations in actual usage by one division affect the costs allocated to other divisions

the manager of the supplier division bears the risk of unfavorable cost variances

user divisions pay for costs that exceed budgeted amounts

user divisions pay for inefficiencies of the supplier department

Question 10
1. The support department allocation method that is the most widely used because of its simplicity is the:

step-down method

reciprocal allocation method

direct allocation method

sequential allocation method

Question 11
1. Under the stand-alone method of allocating common costs:

a ranking is used to allocate costs among the users

disputes can arise over who is the primary user

each party bears a proportionate share of the total costs in relation to their individual stand-alone costs

an incentive is created to be the first-ranked user
Question 12
1. The Sturgeon Bay Corporation currently uses a manufacturing facility costing $400,000 per year; 80% of the facility’s capacity is currently being used. A start-up business has proposed a plan that would utilize the other 20% of the facility and increase the overall costs of maintaining the space by 5%. If the stand-alone method were used, what amount of cost would be allocated to the start-up business?

$20,000

$100,000

$80,000

$84,000

Question 13
1. The method LEAST likely to cause disputes among product managers is:

stand-alone revenue-allocation method

incremental revenue-allocation method

the direct revenue-allocation method

All of these answers are correct.

Question 14
1. Which of the following statements is true regarding main products and byproducts?

Product classifications do not change over the short run.

Product classifications do not change over the long run.

Product classifications may change over time.

The cause-and-effect criterion determines the classification.

Question 15
1. Proper costs allocation for inventory costing and cost-of-goods-sold computations are important because:

inventory costing is essential for proper balance sheet presentation

most states have laws requiring proper balance sheet presentation and recommended allocation methods

cost of goods sold is an important component in the determination of net income

Both A and C are correct.

Question 16
1. Product X is sold for $8 a unit and Product Y is sold for $12 a unit. Each product can also be sold at the splitoff point. Product X can be sold for $5 and Product Y for $4. Joint costs for the two products totaled $4,000 for January for 600 units of X and 500 units of Y. What are the             if the sales value at splitoff method is used?

$2.96 and $4.44

$4.00 and $4.55

$4.00 and $3.20

$4.55 and $4.55

Question 17
1. What is the reason that accountants do not like to carry inventory at net realizable value?

NRV is the most difficult costing method

NRV recognizes income after the sale is complete

NRV recognizes income before sales are made

NRV is acceptable to the taxing authorities

 

Question 18
1. What factor most often drives joint cost allocation?

performance evaluation

manager compensation

selling prices

simplicity of the method

Question 19
1. Sparta Company processes 15,000 gallons of direct materials to produce two products, Product X and Product Y. Product X sells for $4 per gallon and Product Y, the main product, sells for $50 per gallon. The following information is for August:
Beginning Ending
Production Sales Inventory Inventory
Product X 4,375 4,000 0 375
Product Y 10,000 9,625 125 500
2. The manufacturing costs totaled $15,000. What is the byproduct’s net revenue reduction if byproducts are recognized in the general ledger during production and their revenues are a reduction of cost?

$0

$1,500

$16,000

$17,500

Question 20
1. Which statement is NOT true regarding the sales method of accounting for byproducts.

the method makes no journal entries until the byproduct is sold

this method is the preferred method because of the matching principle

revenues of the byproduct can be recorded in the income statement as revenue

revenues of the byproduct can be recorded as a reduction of cost of goods sold in the income statement

 

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