Components of a Research Proposal

Components of a Research Proposal

A research proposal is a written document proposing a research project while covering the entire area of study.  It sets out a specific topic you would like to do a research about, the aims and objectives of the research proposal, and the methodology of the research. Therefore, in order to write a good proposal, include an outline plan and the components of a research proposal. You can order a research proposal paper here

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Purpose of a Research Proposal

The purpose of a research proposal is to provide and justify the reason for conducting a research. It also presents various ways in which the research will be conducted. The research proposal should, therefore, include a hypothesis and an accurate time schedule.

Contents of a Research Proposal

A research proposal should show that you have understood the topic given and develop with some ideas about the research. Therefore, you are in a position to complete your work on time. Adhering to the following components of a research proposal will enable you to write a perfect proposal:


Introduction: This is number one on the list of components of a research proposal.  A proposal introduction should provide background information to the readers.  The purpose of an introduction is to establish a proper framework for the proposal, this is to enable readers to understand how the research in question is related to other research. Also, it should answer the question of the need for conducting the research and what its relevance will be.  This is essential so as to put the research proposal in its context.

Statement of the problem: a research proposal involves a variety of questions of a particular phenomenon and which requires answers as well as explanations. The research problem needs to be stated properly in a way in which an exact question requires a specific answer.

Literature review: the review of the literature provides a research background as well as the context of the problem of the research. It shows the need for the research proposal and proves that you understand the area for the research.

Research methods and designs: the research methodology is very essential since it tells your readers how you planned and tackled the research problem. When writing about the research methods, make sure that it contains enough information so that the reader can be able to determine whether the methods applied is correct. Also, remember to indicate the methodology steps used to answer each and every question.

In the research design, its most important part is the research strategy. It enables readers to make essential decisions concerning the research proposal. Whether the strategy is experimental, descriptive, or analytical, it should depend on the number of considerations; however, this strategy must be well explained in accordance with the objectives of the study.

The significance of the research: a research proposal should indicate how the specific research will refine and extend sufficient knowledge to the area of research. Remember that such refines and extensions can have the methodology or theoretical significance.

Research Proposal Steps

This will help you understand how to organize the components of a research proposal. Research proposal steps include the following;

Title: the title of a research proposal is very important. It should provide a descriptive and clear overview of the research study and inform the readers about the topic you are handling in order to grab their attention.

Abstract: this is a brief summary which includes;

  • What you are writing about
  • The reasons why you are writing and doing a research
  • What you are likely to find out after completing the research proposal

You can also include a short discussion on the ways in which you will incorporate in your research.

Introduction: just like any other introduction, your research proposal should have an introduction of about two or three paragraphs. Providing an overview of the research will grab your reader’s interest and attention. It should include;

  • The research problem you are addressing
  • The importance of the research and why you should complete it
  • What you hope to find in the research and the predictions you have

Unlike abstract, the introduction part is more specific since it introduces readers to information in more details.

Review of literature: here, you will indicate sources of the research proposal and provide an overview of what your topic entails. The literature review is supposed to inform readers about the subject and also indicate why your research study is timely and essential.

Methodology and results: the method part of the research proposal provides an explanation to readers on how you plan on carrying out the research on your own. Explain the type of the research you are conductions and identify the people who will take part in the study. Remember to explain the types of methods used and why you think they are reliable.

Discussion: this part of a research proposal is not only about the information of the research, but also any other possible complications and limitations of the research proposal.

In conclusion, a research proposal is the most important document; hence it should be submitted as a form of application. Indicating the components of a research proposal gives you an opportunity to prove that have the required skill and capable of completing the research. To get a well-written research proposal, click here.

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