Top 7 Different Major Types of Essay in 2021

Many students are commonly tasked with writing essays as part of a school assignment, test, or a requirement in applications. Writing an essay may seem easy but when it comes down to following the instructions, guidelines, and requirements of an essay it may prove to be a tedious task. It is therefore advantageous to learn how to write the different types of essay.

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Type of essays

Successfully writing different types of essays is an invaluable skill to achieve academic success. Choosing the right type of essay to write in response to a writing prompt is important. It helps you come up with a more accurate answer to the question.

Definition of an essay

You may ask, what are essays? An essay is a piece of writing that develops an argument on a particular subject by analysis and interpretation of facts and evidence. There are different forms of essays but in this article, we will focus on the different types of essays in college. They include;

1.    Descriptive essay

Descriptive essays

The main aim of writing a descriptive essay is to describe a certain person, event, object, or memory in vibrant detail. It is often written in a creative style in a non-argumentative manner. You should use sensory detail (smell, touch, sight, taste, and sound) to show but not tell about your description.

2.    Narrative essay

A narrative essay involves writing about a real-life experience. It showcases your storytelling ability deployed through academic arguments. Usually very reflective, it has a first-person point of view. It does not follow the strict tone and fact-based format of journalism or academic writing and hence allows creativity. Great essay examples for a narrative essay include; a first-time memory, an unforgettable event, a bizarre experience, etc.

3.    Expository essay

An expository essay is also known as a definition essay. It provides a clear description of a concept or topic. Expository essays present a well-balanced and organized analysis of the topic. Data supported by evidence may be needed to fully explore your concept or topic.

4.    Persuasive essay

A writer attempts to convince the reader to adopt their point of view on a certain subject in a persuasive essay. You must use facts, reason, and evidence to support all your recommendations. In some cases, you may need to include some examples, inductive reasoning, and expert opinion to support your arguments.

5.    Cause and effect essay

essay type in 2021

Cause and effect essays are best written chronologically to best demonstrate the relationship between things. It best displays the influence of things over others, for example; how job satisfaction causes a higher rate of employee retention in an organization.

6.    Argumentative essay

Argumentative essays asses on research ability and presentation of your position on a subject. All arguments must be supported by evidence to support your thesis statement. Your thesis statement should show a well-defined stance on your topic.

7.    Textual analysis essay

This is an essay based on literary works. Textual analysis essays could break down persuasive text or literature. A persuasive text employs rhetorical devices in its delivery and hence a textual analysis is done to evaluate its effectiveness. They Include; political cartoons, essays, speeches, etc. Literary analysis is done on literature such as a novel or poem to explore the themes and what the author is communicating.

Use of essay worksheets

An essay worksheet is a template that gives structure to the writing of an essay. They give a visual guide on how to go about writing different types of essays. There are different types of essay worksheets namely;

Writing process for an essay writing worksheet

The writing process worksheet gives a gradual breakdown of the writing process. Students often find difficulty in writing an essay as they do not follow the writing process while executing their tasks.

Argumentative essay writing worksheet

The argumentative essay worksheet outlines an introduction, the body, and the conclusion. The student gives both sides of the argument in the body.

Narrative essay writing worksheet

narrative essay

The narrative essay template provides a guideline and simple rules for a narrative essay. The outline requires a student to include the theme, plot, setting, and dialogue in their essay.

Essay paragraph writing worksheet

A paragraph worksheet provides a guide to the number of paragraphs needed in an essay. This is dependent on the ability of the writer and the type of essay. Students just starting to write essays can only write short paragraphs. That also goes for topics that require short essays.

How to pick an essay topic

You may be required to find an essay topic and write on it. Many people have a hard time thinking about a topic they can easily tackle. So how do you come up with the best essay topic?

There is an infinite number of ways to go about it. You can choose your essay topic from the different types of essay we have. For example, you may choose to do a descriptive essay type and hence narrow down a topic that ties into a descriptive essay.

Another criterion to choose an essay topic would be according to various disciplines available say; science, technology, philosophy, social sciences, etc. Ensure that you are knowledgeable in your discipline of choice or you have enough resources for reference to make a valid argument.

Alternatively, you may choose your essay topic according to events and festivals. These include; past, present, or even future events. For example, you can write an essay on the effect of the 9/11 terrorism act in the U.S.A on globalization. Festivals and celebrations would make good topics, especially for a narrative essay.

Here are a few essay writing tips

In case you are staring blankly at a piece of paper wondering where to start writing your essay. The following are a few tips that might help you get started and get done.

Read your essay prompt carefully

This is the most crucial part of the assignment. You need to know exactly what is required of you by the tutor for any chance of success at the paper. Take note of keywords and make sure to use them in your essay.

Different types of essay

Pick a topic

After understanding what is required of you. You are now in a better position to pick a topic of your choice. Skim through a few ideas before you narrow down the specific topic you want to write on. The topic should however relate to the prompt. In case you have extreme difficulty doing it you may ask for help, say from your tutor.

Create an outline

An outline serves as a skeleton to your essay. It is the foundation on which you will add arguments to your ideas to make a complete essay. Jolt down your main ideas separating them topically. Include more thoughts and arguments into those main ideas.

Write your essay: start with the thesis statement

The thesis statement communicates the purpose of your essay. You should be guided by your outline to create an appropriate thesis. The thesis statement should mention the topic, main argument, and an overall solution to the problem statement.

Write an introductory paragraph

An introduction should be captivating enough to grab the attention of your audience and keep them interested in reading the essay. Make sure your ‘hook’ ties in with your thesis statement.

Write the body paragraphs

This is where all explanations to the argument of the topic are stated. Each paragraph should have a main idea revealed by the introductory sentence at the beginning of the paragraph. Consequently, back the main idea with facts, examples, and quotes. Remember to cite all reference material used.

Write the conclusion

In the conclusion, sum up all your ideas and close the topic. Do not introduce any new statement in the conclusion. Rather, you may restate your thesis statement and restate your position.

Easy ways to conquer writing different types of essay

Tips on writing different essays

As a student, you might be overwhelmed by the task of writing an essay. Getting to know all the different types of essay writing is a daunting and sometimes confusing task. In this case, you might consider getting some essay writing help. This will leave you with the comfort that your essay will be professionally written.  Essay helpers come at a very affordable price for students since they understand the small budgets that students work with. 

To sum up

Learning how to write different types of essays is important for academic success. The different types of essays cater to different topics and writing styles. It is, therefore, necessary to employ tips on writing an essay as mentioned above after careful consideration of a suitable topic. This will help you write an excellent essay. Finally, whenever you are stuck in writing an essay it is always prudent to ask for help.

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