How to write an article review |A complete guide

How to write an article review |A complete guide

The aim of an article review is to make readers understand the contents of a particular article, including its thesis statement. Through evaluation and in-depth analysis, an article review reveals a writer’s opinion on a subject.

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It also shows the objective of writing an article. Scholars and students use article reviews to evaluate the writing of other authors in a particular field.

The evaluation brings out clarity of work produced by other experts. This is a way to show how authors contribute to a specific field of study.

What is an article review?

An article review is a professional evaluation of literature produced by other authors in a particular field. The review involves an in-depth analysis of the text using critical thinking skills to make judgments about the subject.

When reviewing an article, you are expected to produce constructive evaluation results in explicit opinions and conclusions. In the review process, you will summarize, classify, analyze, and compare your work.

In scientific reviews, you can use database searches to show research. Your goal should be to provide a summary of your findings with a clear understanding of the article’s topic.

What does writing an article review involve?

When writing your article review, your aim is to make sure readers understand the main points. The review writing process involves

  • Providing a summary, making a comparison, classification, analyzing, and critiquing the article you are working on
  • You will use theories, ideas, and research to analyze, compare and evaluate the text
  • When writing your review, you will be presenting a response to an author’s work without introducing new information
  • Perform online research and look at previously written samples to gain an understanding of what is required in reviewing an article

Types of review

Article review can be performed on many types of articles. Before you begin the reviewing process, the first step is to understand the type of article you will be working on.

This understanding allows you to use the right tone and format for your writing. The following are some types of articles you can review

1.     Journal articles

Like many other reviews you will need to evaluate its strengths and weaknesses. You are required to provide your readers with a presentation that shows the value of the article.

2.     Research article

This type of article review evaluates the research methods used in the article under study. This is what makes a research article review different from a journal article review.

3.     Science article

A science article deals mostly with things concerned with science. These types of articles have a lot of background information that you can use in your analysis process. The background information will allow you to perform a comprehensive analysis of your paper.

Reviewing article purpose


article review

When analyzing an article, you should look for the purpose. Check whether the article meets the intended goal. Here is what to look for

1.     Inform readers

The purpose of an article could be to pass information to readers. In this case, check the structure of the article and if there is sufficient evidence to support facts.

Determine if adequate research was performed on the subject matter. Your findings should explain whether the purpose of the article was achieved

2.     Persuade readers

Another purpose of an article is to persuade the readers. Part of your review process is to be able to find out if this purpose was met.

Analyze the text and find out if the author has used logical reasoning in the article. Find out if counter-arguments have been presented. These are the opposite opinions that are presented to persuade readers about a particular viewpoint.

3.     Entertain readers

When reviewing an entertainment article, check to find out the emotions it arouses in the readers. Examine how the article personally affects and inspires you. After your analysis and comparison, you should be able to find out if the purpose of the entertainment article has been met.

Article review format

When it comes to formatting your article review, your professor will most likely give you instructions on which format to use. You can seek clarification if you are not sure of the article review format you should use.


The formatting styles for an article review are MLA, Chicago, APA, and ASA. When reviewing an article, you should find out

  • The format you are required to use
  • The length of your review
  • The number of publications you should review

You should know what you are allowed to include in your specific reviews, like summary, critique, or a call to action. You can enquire from your instructor whether you need to include background information in your paper.

How to write an article review APA

Finding out all the information you need before you start writing your paper helps you to stay organized. It helps ensure you are following the instructions from your professor and including all the required information. Below are formatting styles that you may be required to use

1.     APA format for article review

Commonly reviewed articles include journals, newspaper articles, and even website articles. Your professor can instruct you to write an APA style article review. This is how you will write a bibliography for the sources you have provided

Website article review format APA should include

Author’s last name, A.A first and middle initial, the year, month and date of publication, the title, link.

Journal APA article review format should include

Author’s last name, A.A. the first and middle initial, the year of publication, publication title, the periodical title, volume, PP.PP

Newspaper APA format article review should include

Author’s last name, A.A, first and middle initial, the year of publication, month and date, the title of the publication, title of the magazine, PP. xx-xx

2.     MLA format for article review

The MLA format is another style that you can use in your article review. Here are article review examples that you can use when writing a bibliography for your sources

Web article

Author’s last, first, and middle initial, publication title, website title, website publisher, the date month and year of publication, website date, month, and year accessed.

Newspaper article

Author’s last, first, and middle initial, the publication title, newspaper title, city date month and year published, pages, print.

Journal article

Author’s last, first, and middle initials, the publication title, the journal-title and series, volume, the year published, pages, the database name, web, date, month, and year accessed.

How to review an article: preparation process

article review

When writing your article review, you need to make preparations so that your review can be top-notch. Here are some preparation steps that will help you in your writing process

1.     Organize your work

Create a structure for your work that will help you when reading the article you are reviewing. You can start by summarizing the article. Look for main points, ideas, and the claim the author has used.

You can also note the general information that has been used in the article. Next, describe positive points as you identify strong points, ideas, and observations the author made in the text.

You need to look for gaps or contradictions in the text. Evaluate the arguments that the author used in the article and whether they are sufficient or not.

Analyze all the information presented to support ideas. After you have read the article, identify any questions that are unanswered.

2.     Reviewing process

After you have organized your work, you can now review the article. Review and analyze the title of the article, abstract, and introduction. Look at the headings and subheadings used in the article, opening sentences in the paragraphs, and conclusion.


You can begin by reading the introduction and the conclusion of the article. In the introduction and conclusion section is where you will find the author’s main arguments and key points. This makes the first and the last paragraph of an article a good place to find and understand the main points that the author is expressing.

3.     Read the entire article

Read the whole article from beginning to end before you can start writing your review. Make sure you properly organize your work. An article review outline will give your work a good flow and logical organization. You can use an article review template to make your writing process easier and faster.

Article review template and outline

A template and an outline will guide you when writing your article review. When you use an outline, you will be able to follow the right format and structure.

An outline is also a great way to ensure you do not forget any important points you want to include in your review. A structure will help you to organize your thoughts in a coherent manner.

In coming up with an outline, you can write down important points, contributions, or the contradictions you have discovered. You can identify and note the strengths of the article you are reviewing and the weaknesses as well.

Find out what your professor expects in your review and use them. The key components of your article review must have an introduction section, a body, and a conclusion.

You will also need to divide your text into headings and subheadings. You can check out a sample outline to help you in your article review prewriting and writing process. Below are the components of an article review.

1.     Pre title page

You will need to list the type of article you are working on, the publication title, and the authors who have contributed to the article on this page. This information can include the affiliations of the author, department, institution, city, and state. You can also include the country and email.

2.     Author’s details

This is an optional part, but you can choose to include it. It contains the author’s details like the author’s name, email, phone number, and fax number.

3.     Running head

When you are using APA style article review, include a running header. The header is usually less than forty characters, and it is a shorter form of your heading.

4.     Summary page

Your article review can have a summary page, depending on the instructions your professor has provided. Make sure your summary has a maximum word count of 800 words.

Do not repeat words in your summary section. Ensure your text is easy to understand and straightforward. Provide your readers with relevant background information and give reasons for performing the review. Provide a summary of results and explain the methods that were used.

5.     Title page

The title page should contain the full title of your article review. It should also have an abstract with 250 words and keywords.

6.     Introduction

In the introduction section write the title of the article you are working on. Include the author’s name and the publication date if it is available.

Provide an outline of the main idea and the author’s thesis. Write your thesis statement and vision, including the ideas of the original paper.

7.     Body

The body section is divided into headings and subheadings. Here is where you present your analysis and discuss your review.

In this section, write about what you like and don’t like about the article. Explain your reasons and offer examples from the text of the article. Next, explain to your readers whether the author of the article achieved the objectives and goals that he or she was set out to achieve.

8.     Conclusion

This section brings your article review to a close. Paraphrase your thesis statement and restate it here.

Provide a summary of your main points in the body section using an appropriate tone of voice. Encourage your audience to take action by making a call to action if needed.

Other sections that you need to include in your paper are works cited or references, and a reading page which is optional. You can include tables and figures if your instructor recommends them.

How to write an article review


article review


Start your review by reading the article you want to analyze so that you can understand an author’s opinion and purpose for writing the article. You can use an outline as a guide to help you write the main ideas. Here are the steps you need to follow

1.     Write your title

Come up with a title for your review. The title can be descriptive, interrogative, or even declarative. Make sure it reflects the focus of the work you are doing.

2.     Cite the article

Include citations in your paper. Follow the citation format provided by your instructor and any other writing requirements.

3.     Introduction

Your introduction should mention the article under review and your thesis statement for the review. Next, write a summary with the main points as presented in the article.

Make sure you include the positive aspects as presented in the publication. Critically analyze the author’s work by identifying gaps and contradictions. Find out if there are any unanswered questions.

4.     Summarize and critique the article

Read the author’s work and create a summary of the article. Pay attention to relevant facts and any findings in the article.

Make sure you include the conclusion part of the article. After summarizing the article, write about the strengths and weaknesses you have discovered in the publication.

Include the author’s contribution to the field he or she is writing about. Take a stand to show whether you support the author’s views or you do not support them.

Make sure you provide facts and relevant evidence to back up your arguments concerning the author’s work. You can use a rubric and an article review template to evaluate a writer.

5.     Write a conclusion

In this section of your article review, highlight the key points and findings in your review. Include the relevance, currency, and validity of your results and your thoughts about future research in the field.

6.     Proofreading Process

After writing all the sections in your article review, you need to read through it and make the needed adjustments and corrections. Proofreading is an integral part of writing that helps to polish your work.  Read, check and correct the following areas

  • The use of proper grammar
  • Make sure your work is appropriately punctuated
  • Check the mechanics and any other issues, including tone of voice

In case there is unnecessary data or irrelevant information, removes it from your work. Make sure that you have discussed at least 3 or 4 points in your article review.

After the first proofreading process, you can take a break for a day before proofreading a second time. Rereading your work again with a refreshed mind can help you spot mistakes you did not see before.

Tips for writing an article review

When writing your article review, there are some key things that you should always have in mind. Here are some tips on how to write an article review

Make sure your review has evidence from sources to support your arguments. Use direct quotations for your evidence.

Use adequate supporting evidence to add depth to your paper. Also, make sure you thoroughly analyze the article to produce a solid argument.

Parenthetical citation should be used when referencing a publication. This will help you avoid accidental plagiarism of your work.

When writing your review, make sure you always introduce the subject. This will help readers understand what you are talking about and what you are reviewing.

When reviewing an article, focus on the strength and weaknesses. Try and follow the same structure that the article uses. Have an open mind and remain unbiased as you analyze and write your paper.

Proofread your work and correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors, among others. Give yourself a break after the first round of proofreading and reread the work again after a day.

Use spell-checking software to make your proofreading process quick and easy. You can also ask a friend to proofread your work and check for errors. A fresh pair of eyes might spot mistakes that you might have missed.

Key takeaway

An article review gives you a chance to use critical thinking skills and critique other authors’ work. When reviewing an article, you need to perform an in-depth analysis of the text to discover strengths and weaknesses. You need to state the contribution of the author to the field of study. To write a high-quality paper, make sure you follow the instructions provided by your instructor, including the formatting style and tone of voice. Finally, always remember to edit and proofread your work. To learn more about writing an article review, contact us.

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