Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Infinity Ward (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and published by Activision for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 video game consoles and the Microsoft Windows operating system. The game was released worldwide on November 10, 2009. It is the sixth installment of the Call of Duty series and the direct sequel to Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare. Modern Warfare 2 has received positive reviews from various gaming websites, attaining a 94% aggregate score on Metacritic, with praise stemming primarily from its in-depth multiplayer component. Within 24 hours of release, the game sold approximately 4.7 million copies in North America and the United Kingdom. On August 3, 2011, Activision confirmed that the game had sold over 22 million copies worldwide and it is the second best-selling game of all time in both the UK and the U.S.
Various portions of the campaign have caused some controversy, including the depiction of a massacre carried out in a Russian airport. Anders Behring Breivik (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. claims in his manifesto that he used this video game to perpetrate the 2011 Norway attacks. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Coop Norway, a chain of retail stores in Norway, removed this video game from its shelves as a result of this attack.
Controversies over video games center on debates around game content and the potential negative impacts on player behavior. Video games have been studied for links to addiction and aggression but results have been conflicting. A 2001 study found that exposure to violent video games correlates with at least a temporary increase in aggression and a decrease in pro-social behavior – i.e., caring about the welfare and rights of others (Anderson & Bushman). Another 2001 meta-analysis using similar methods (Sherry), and a more recent 2009 study (Ferguson & Kilburn) focusing specifically on serious aggressive behavior concluded that video game violence is not related to engaging in aggressive behavior. Potential positive ramifications of video game playing have also been proposed (Radoff, 2009). Recent research has suggested that some violent video games may even promote pro-social behavior in certain contexts (Ferguson & Garza, 2011). Some commentators have argued there is lack of substantive studies on the connection between games and violence, and that the video game industry has served as a fallback scapegoat for societal ills (Cumberbatch, 2004; Sternheimer, 2003; Benedetti, 2008). The most recent large scale meta-analysis, examining 130 studies with over 130,000 participants worldwide, concluded that exposure to violent video games causes both short term and long term aggression in players and decreases empathy and pro-social behavior. However, this meta-analysis was criticized for a number of methodological flaws, including failure to abide by quantifiable measurements of aggression and for failing to engage dissenting studies, thus aggravating the sampling bias of incorporated studies (Ferguson & Kilbourn, 2010).
Anderson, C.A., & Bushman, B.J. (2001). Effects of violent video games on aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, and prosocial behavior: A meta-analytic review of the scientific literature. Psychological Science, 12(5), 353-359.
Benedetti, W. (2008). Why search our souls when video games make such an easy scapegoat? MSNBC. Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/23204875/
Cumberbatch, G. (2004). Video violence: Villain or victim? The Video Standards Council. Retrieved from http://www.isfe.eu/content/video-violence-villain-or-victim
Ferguson, C. J., & Garza, A. (2011). Call of (civic) duty: Action games and civic behavior in a large sample of youth. Computers in Human Behavior, 27(2), 770–775. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2010.10.026
Ferguson, C. J., & Kilburn, J. (2010). Much ado about nothing: The misestimation and overinterpretation of violent video game effects in eastern and western nations: Comment on Anderson et al. (2010). Psychological Bulletin, 136(2), 174–178.
Ferguson. C. J., & Kilburn, J. (2009). The Public health risks of media violence: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Pediatrics, 154(5), 759-763.
Radoff, J. (2009). Six wonderful things about games. Retrieved from http://radoff.com/blog/2009/12/08/six-wonderful-things-about-games/
Sherry, J. (2001). The effects of violent video games on aggression: A meta-analysis. Human Communication Research, 27(3), 409-431.
Sternheimer, K. (2003). It’s not the media: The truth about pop culture’s influence on children. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Read The effects of violent video games. Do they affect our behavior? (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. by Brad J. Bushman, Ph.D., and watch a controversial excerpt of the video game Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2. In preparation for your blog reflection, consider the following questions addressed in the article as you watch the video clip:
Warning: This video is graphic and violent! Please take precautions in your viewing environment to not expose children to the audio or video from this excerpt.
Obviously, the issue of violent video games is a complex and multifaceted issue with both supporters and detractors on both sides. Read the following articles and take notes in preparation for your reflection post in the blog:
Create a thoughtful discussion post and reflect on the questions listed below. Make sure to address opposing opinions in your reflection. Use at least three substantiated facts (statistics, events, etc.) in your post and cite the source where you found this information. You may discuss points raised in the supplied links, but you must use three additional sources of facts.
Why Choose Us
At Myhomeworkwriters.com, we always aim at 100% customer satisfaction. As such, we never compromise o the quality of our homework services. Our homework helpers ensure that they craft each paper carefully to match the requirements of the instruction form.
Professional Academic Writers
With Myhomeworkwriters.com, every student is guaranteed high-quality, professionally written papers. We ensure that we hire individuals with high academic qualifications who can maintain our quality policy. These writers undergo further training to sharpen their writing skills, making them more competent in writing academic papers.
Our company maintains a fair pricing system for all academic writing services to ensure affordability. Our pricing system generates quotations based on the properties of individual papers.
My Homework Writers guarantees all students of swift delivery of papers. We understand that time is an essential factor in the academic world. Therefore, we ensure that we deliver the paper on or before the agreed date to give students ample time for reviewing.
Myhomeworkwriters.com maintains a zero-plagiarism policy in all papers. As such, My Homework Writers professional academic writers ensure that they use the students’ instructions to deliver plagiarism-free papers. We are very keen on avoiding any chance of similarities with previous papers.
Customer Support 24/7
Our customer support works around the clock to provide students with assistance or guidance at any time of the day. Students can always communicate with us through our live chat system or our email and receive instant responses. Feel free to contact us via the Chat window or support email: email@example.com.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
Our Homework Writing Services
My Homework Writers holds a reputation for being a platform that provides high-quality homework writing services. All you need to do is provide us with all the necessary requirements of the paper and wait for quality results.
At My Homework Writers, we have highly qualified academic gurus who will offer great assistance towards completing your essays. Our homework writing service providers are well-versed with all the aspects of developing high-quality and relevant essays.
Admission and Business Papers
With Myhomeworkwriters.com, we will help you secure a position at your desired institution. Our essay writing services include the crafting of admissions papers. We will still help you climb your career ladder by helping you write the official papers that will help you secure a job. We will guide you on how to write an outstanding portfolio or resume.
Editing and Proofreading
Myhomeworkwriters.com has a professional editorial team that will help you organize your paper, paraphrase it, and eliminate any possible mistakes. Also, we will help you check on plagiarism to ensure that your final paper posses quality and originality.
My Homework Writers harbors professional academic writers from diverse academic disciplines. As such, we can develop homework writing services in all academic areas. The simplicity or complexity of the paper does not affect the quality of homework writing services.