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Assessing Personality Assignment | Top Essay Writing

Assessing Personality When assessing personality, clinicians often turn to two main types of evaluations: objective and projective tests. Objective tests measure aspects of an individual’s personality in relation to academically recognized norms.

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The most common example is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory or MMPI-2. (The test was originally published in 1940 and then revised in 1989.) On the MMPI-2, individuals must answer 567 true/false questions in a 60- to 90-minute session.

Questions on the MMPI-2 identify potential personality features such as anger or addiction. The test is comprehensive and designed to ward against false positives and lying. MMPI-2 evaluations are often used in settings such as mental health and medical fields. They are also common when evaluating candidates for “high-risk” occupations such as airline pilots and nuclear power plant workers, according to Occupational Medicine. Projective tests are subjective evaluations that ask clients to respond to ambiguous stimuli, such as words or visual images. An individual’s reply is meant to help reveal his or her internal struggles and emotions. The Rorschach Inkblot Test is a classic example of a projective test. After looking at 10 inkblots of varying shapes and colors, clients are asked to describe what they see.

Answers are interpreted based on factors like the subject matter, the kind of shapes or colors emphasized, and the location of the seen image. While the Rorschach test is useful, Kim views it as one of many tools and notes that it is not adequate for understanding the nuances of personality on its own. Personality Disorders When personality becomes problematic for daily living, it is considered a disorder. The Mayo Clinic defines a personality disorder is characterized by rigid or unhealthy patterns of thinking, functioning, or behavior. “It is very important,” Kim explains, “that we do not conflate personality disorders with what is simply personality.

A personality disorder … is profoundly disruptive to an individual’s daily life. ‘Profoundly disruptive’ is not the same thing as simply being irritating.” Personality disorders fall into three main clusters: • Cluster A: Disorders defined by eccentric thinking or odd behavior. Examples include paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder. • Cluster B: Disorders defined by behavior and thinking that are excessively emotional or unpredictable. Examples include narcissistic personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and borderline personality disorder. • Cluster C: Disorders defined by thinking and behavior that is excessively anxious and fearful. Examples include avoidant personality disorder, depending on personality disorder, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Although experts still don’t fully understand how personality disorders come about, there appear to be certain contributing factors. The American Psychological Association suggests the following influences: • Genetics • Childhood trauma • Verbal abuse • High sensitivity Oppositely, personality disorders may be prevented by consistent, positive interaction with peers

Summarize the article. In addition, which theory do you believe is most relevant in developing our personality? Get Operations Management homework help today

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