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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has been of growing concern in the United States, especially with respect to soldiers returning home from combat. While PTSD used to be simply looked over as “shell-shock” or “battle fatigue”, the United States began to really look into PTSD as a real disorder after the Vietnam War. Effective ways of treating PTSD have been developed, but virtual reality exposure therapy has been proven to be as effective, if not more effective, than the treatments preceding it. Having more tools to use for treatment is also preferable when dealing with such a wide array of individuals suffering from PTSD. Virtual reality’s recent advancements would make virtual reality exposure therapy a real, affordable option for many hospitals and clinics that help treat PTSD.


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The white paper will cover virtual reality therapy and its applications to PTSD. The paper will discuss a brief history of PTSD, prior treatment options, and advancements in virtual reality for the background section. The proposal will cover a plausible setup for how to implement virtual reality therapy for use in treating PTSD. The main sub sections would include the required hardware to power the virtual reality environment, simulation software choices, and a discussion of the vital health statistics monitor. All of these topics will be presented, explained in depth, then discussed with respect to their impacts on the main goal at hand.



Statement of Work

· Do initial research and determine feasibility of the solution

· Complete Prospectus/Annotated Bibliography

· Do further research, note important information and the source used

· Generate an outline for the paper

· Draft a rough version of the paper from the outline

· Make revisions or edits to the draft until a final copy is reached

· Add additional pages such as title, references, and tables

· Review the final copy before publication

· Publish the final copy



Possible Difficulties

The main difficulty I foresee facing is that my topic is either too broad, or not broad enough to create a good white paper. Given my initial research, I believe there are enough references and topics to discuss to create an argument, but should I find that there is not, I will change my topic to satisfy my situation. The other main problem would be time management. Given the busy schedule I am keeping this semester, typing a rather large paper will require that I make time to complete it. I will handle this through following my schedule, and working on the paper in the evenings when I usually do other things that are not necessarily school related.


Annotated Bibliography

de la Rubia, E., & Diaz-Estrella, A. (2015). Natural Locomotion Based on Foot-Mounted Inertial Sensors in a Wireless Virtual Reality System. Presence: Teleoperators & Virtual Environments, 24(4), 298-321. doi:10.1162/PRES_a_00236

This report discusses possibilities for motion in a VR environment, and how to bring VR environments to life. Such movement devices were not available before, but newer technologies are allowing for greater immersion into a VR setting. This report could be used to discuss newer advancements in VR that increases its efficacy.

Gonçalves, R., Pedrozo, A. L., Freire Coutinho, E. S., Figueira, I., & Ventura, P. (2012). Efficacy of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy in the Treatment of PTSD: A Systematic Review. Plos ONE, 7(12), 1-7. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048469

This is yet another study showing the efficacy of VR exposure therapy, and could be used in conjunction with the other sources to really hit the point home that VR therapy is effective. Its efficacy and affordability warrants its widespread use.

Kronqvist, A., Jokinen, J., & Rousi, R. (2016). Evaluating the Authenticity of Virtual Environments: Comparison of Three Devices. Advances In Human-Computer Interaction, 1-14. doi:10.1155/2016/2937632

Kronqvist’s article discusses affordability, cost effectiveness, and immersion abilities associated with 3 view display devices. This discussion’s recent publishing could be used to write about VR’s recent advancements and different options available to suit different budgets and needs. This would lend VR to be a very appealing option.



Richir, S., Fuchs, P., Lourdeaux, D., Millet, D., Buche, C., & Querrec, R. (2015). How to design compelling Virtual Reality or Augmented Reality experience?. International Journal Of Virtual Reality, 15(1), 35-47.

This source’s discussion on creating a compelling VR experience is important in the current technologies that are being used in VR devices. Since a compelling environment is important for people looking to be rehabilitated, this article will provide useful data and ideas for the solution to the problem of VR PTSD treatment.

Rizzo, A. “., Difede, J., Rothbaum, B. O., Reger, G., Spitalnick, J., Cukor, J., & Mclay, R. (2010). Development and early evaluation of the Virtual Iraq/Afghanistan exposure therapy system for combat-related PTSD Rizzo et al. Virtual Iraq/Afghanistan PTSD exposure therapy. Annals Of The New York Academy Of Sciences, 1208(1), 114-125. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05755.x

Rizzo’s documentation of “Virtual Iraq/Afghanistan” discusses modern possibilities for the implementation of VR to help soldiers returning home from the war on terror. While the article was written in 2010, mixing its effects along with evidence of VR’s affordability and ease of access would make a compelling case for its use.

Rothbaum, B. O., Hodges, L., Alarcon, R., Ready, D., Shahar, F., Graap, K., & … Baltzell, D. (1999). Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for PTSD Vietnam Veterans: A Case Study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 12(2), 263.



Rothbaum’s text describes the effectiveness of “Virtual Vietnam” and the earliest attempts at VR treatment. This document’s info provides both useful background, and substance to the claim that VR therapy is a very useful option in treating PTSD.

Seitz, C. A., Poyrazli, S., Harrison, M. A., Flickinger, T., & Turkson, M. (2014). Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Military Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review. New School Psychology Bulletin, 11(1), 14-29.

This source contains valuable information discussing VR therapy, its successes, as well as some background discussion on the history of the topic. This will be useful in the background section of the paper.

Zarrad, A. (2016). A Dynamic Platform for Developing 3D Facial Avatars in a Networked Virtual Environment. International Journal Of Computer Games Technology, 1-13. doi:10.1155/2016/8489278

The report discusses the current framework that is used in computer games and other virtual environments to create avatars and characters that are immersive and believable. The study is current and would be useful in discussion about how recent developments are bettering VR technology every year, and having equipment that utilizes such technology is a worthwhile investment.


Start Initial Research Prospectus/Annotated Bibliography Further Research Generate Outline Draft Revision/Editing Add Additional Pages Review Final Publish 42663 42668 42672 42682 42684 42699 42704 42705 42712 Duration Initial Research Prospectus/Annotated Bibliography Further Research Generate Outline Draft Revision/Editing Add Additional Pages Review Final Publish 5 6 6 2 15 5 1 7 1


You will need to visit this site for both sections:


1. Review the site and if you wish the entire report. Write a Paragraph (at least 4 complete sentences) that would summarize your viewpoint on this report. It should use at least two facts from the report or report summary to validate your viewpoint. YOU DO NOT HAVE TO CITE THE SOURCES.


Review the report and the report summary and write a letter (at least three COMPLETE paragraphs) to The United Nations with your viewpoint on this report and what role the UN plays in these matters. You must use at LEAST FOUR facts from the report or report summary to validate your viewpoint. YOU DO NOT HAVE TO CITE THE SOURCES.

Place your LETTER below this LINE:


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