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The use of ethos and pathos in the inaugural address does point the reader in the direction of what the augmentative style is. J. F. Kennedy uses the style of persuasion to argue his point. In his speech, he effectively employees ethos and pathos to help in delivering the message. Kennedy uses ethos in the beginning by making mention of the authoritative figures that include the Vice President Johnson, the Speaker, the Chief Justice, President Eisenhower, Vice President Nixon and President Truman (Kennedy, 1961). He also uses ethos to argue his viewpoint regarding unity. This way, he is able to command attention from his audience and argues himself as an altruistic leader. He also uses pathos in his facts and classifications. In his speech, Kennedy evokes emotion when he discusses Communism and its impacts on the helpless, and therefore calls for the need for the people to rise up and defend their rights.
The student discusses “The Meaning of July Fourth to the Negro” speech by Frederick Douglas. The student begins by introducing the topic and stating its purpose, how it begun, as well as the claim the existed in it, which is a good way of starting an introduction paragraph. I agree with the student’s argument that the claim of the speech that the National Celebration of Independence only involved the celebration of the White people and did not hold a similar meaning for the Black people (Douglas, 1852). This is because there was a gap that existed between the Whites who were enjoying their freedom and the fruits of their labor whilst their Black counterparts worked in the plantations as slaves and never knew what it meant to be free or call something their own.
I agree with the student regarding the use of ethos, logos, and pathos is the literature. The use of ethos in literature is used to sway the audience through the credibility or the authority of the user. In the speech, the student points out the use of ethos when he recalls his times in the plantations as a slave and therefore uses his knowledge to provide actual attestation regarding the gravity of the situation. Pathos often evokes emotion. The user therefore uses this element to convince his audience using his emotional plea. I therefore agree with how the student’s argument on how it is used. Logos on the other hand employs reason, and facts to convince the audience and the student is right in his explanation.
Douglas, F. (July 5, 1852). The Meaning of July 4 for the Negro. Retrieved from http://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/douglassjuly4.html
Kennedy. J. (January 20, 1961). Inaugural Address. Retrieved from https://www.bartleby.com/124/pres56.html
Unlike the Toulmin and Rogerian methods where one side is argued over another, the Middle Ground argument mediates between two sides of an issue hopefully arriving at a compromise solution between two positions.
Please include both answers in one initial post with extra space between them.
Middle Ground Discussion: 300 words or more
· For this discussion, choose an issue that you wrote about previously in this course.
· Let the class know your previous claim and briefly how you proved this claim in your essay.
· After this brief review discussion, discuss how you would have approached this particular topic if you were to write a Middle Ground argument, instead of a Rogerian argument.
· Would you have adjusted your claim?
· If so, what sort of adjustment would you need?
· Would you have to find additional sources about your topic in order to prove this new claim?
· Is a middle ground solution a more practical solution to your chosen issue?
· Secondly, during this course, you have read quite a few arguments, critiqued some of these arguments, and written essays using various methods of argumentation.
· Take a moment to consider your future career field in Sport Medicine.
· How can you incorporate what you have learned about Toulmin and Rogerian arguments into your career or education?