The Toulmin method is an informal method of reasoning. Created by the British philosopher Stephen Toulmin it involves the grounds (data), claims, warrant and back up of an argument. These four parts of the argument are all necessary to support a good argument. Focus all the four steps with respect of your research problem.
Claim is a statement that you are asking the other person to accept.( write your thesis statement)
Ground describes reason that is power of the mind to think, understand, and form judgments by a process of logic. Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices,
Warrants mean officially affirm or guarantee, support your research with trust, feelings and logic. Warrants explain the way our grounds support our claims.
Back up defines what you have claimed by showing that reasons have given for a claim are good reasons. To establish that kind of further support for an argument is to provide backing. Support your research problem by applying the references also( pick up at least three references from annotated bibliography paper, should relate to your research problem). There is a close connection between reason and emotion.
Read thoroughly all three chapters CH – 7 Structuring Argument,CH – 8 Arguments of Fact,CH-9 Argument of Definition will help you to understand the purpose of Presenting Arguments.
I have posted the sample, please strictly focus on it,do not distract.
Be concise; make every word count (500 words or more).
It should be typed in 12 point Times New Roman Font and double spaced( APA Format).
Toulmin model based upon four tools
Climate change is the main problem for our future world
Climate change is the biggest challenge for the future world. The world is already suffering from the effect of climate change. Different types of natural calamities, like the hurricane, heavy rainfall, flood, landslide and many others we are facing in the present time. People are not concern enough about the climate change. I choose this topic to raise awareness among the people and let them know about the dangerous future of the effect of the climate change.
Climate Change is causing many natural disasters. The world is already suffering from the effect of climate change. Different types of natural calamities, like the hurricane, heavy rainfall, flood, landslide and many others we are facing in the present time. Even last year our Houston city faced a deadly hurricane manned Harvey. 107 people lost their lives and $125 billion in assets damaged during this hurricane. Very recent (this month) Japan has faced a deadly flood. 210 people died last week at this event. We are forcing nature to act deadly. Our unplanned development makes the Earth warmer, which causes climate change. Destroying green in an unplanned way is also a reason for global warming. The heat-trapping nature of carbon dioxide and other gases was established by scientists. There is no question that increased levels of Greenhouse gasses must cause the earth to warm response, and behind this reason human activity is responsible. Ice cores drowning from Greenland and Antarctica is the signature of Global warming. Global temperature is rising. For this rising temperature, ice sheets are started to melt. As a result, our sea level is rising. If the Greenland Ice Sheet melted, scientists estimate that sea level would rise about 6 meters (20 feet). If the Antarctic Ice Sheet melted, sea level would rise by about 60 meters (200 feet). For the climate change, our Oceans have absorbed much of this increased heat, with the top 700 meter, which affecting the underwater biodiversity. Now a day we are facing too many floods, storms heavy rainfall. That’s also are the result of climate change.
Climate change is not a myth. It is happening. But the reality is, some of are still confused about the climate change. That’s why Professor James Edward Hansen(2013) warned us by his quote
“Global warming isn’t a prediction. It is happening.” Some of us still think that the climate is changing naturally. But Scientist does have the proof that, human’s activities are responsible for the climate more than 90 present. Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair(2005) Said
“Global warming is too serious for the world any longer to ignore its danger or split into opposing factions on it.”