The Importance of Transfer
In learning, the theory of transfer is extremely important. This process is when a student has the ability to apply learned material outside of the classroom into ‘real world’ scenarios (Martinez, 2010). Chapter 4 discusses that the instructors must be cautious of the transfer theory since it is not always displayed outside of a classroom setting (Martinez). Students may posssibly only utilize data for coursework and not apply the transfer to external problem-solving. There are several approaches for teachers to apply the theory of transfer and understanding of which strategy is necessary is a step towards instruction. Rhoder (2009) states. “They need to know what strategy to use and how, when, where, and why to use it” (p.499).
21st Century Learners
The context of skills is especially necessary for 21st-century learners. As employment opportunities and college acceptance becomes more competitive, it is vital to give students the tools they need for success. For example if a teacher is aware of student’s desires a career in the medical field, encouraging the study of Latin in high school could be useful. Even though this is a non-spoken language, Latin root words are prominent in medical terminology. The skills learned from the high school Latin class prior to studying medical terms at the graduate level is beneficial and near transfer has occurred.
The concept of schema is a grouping of data on a specific topic (Martinez, 2010). Information in the brain that is associated with any given topic and differs from person to person. It is important for instructors to be a ‘schema builder’ in the classroom setting because teachers can change or alter the students’ exposure to material and build on ideas. I can assist in schema building in a classroom is to relate concepts that are already known. For example, if teaching students how to perform therapeutic interventions, utilizing previously learned knowledge of social interactions with family and friends, I can incorporate how patients are to be related to. This basis for teaching pairs what was already known to expand learning, or schema building.