Factors Responsible for the Adolescent Depression
Submit a 2250 words paper on the topic Factors Responsible for the Adolescent Depression. Increasing evidence indicates that female adolescents and adults are more likely than their male peers to become depressed, both clinically and sub-clinically (Froh, DiGiuseppe & Li, 2006). Selected are six research studies that investigated the different reasons behind the adolescent´s depression. One question arising from the review of the literature is: What are the various predisposing factors responsible for adolescent depression?
Studies concerning depression found various factors responsible for this condition in adolescents. Researchers developed different types of questions as a hypothesis to investigate this area. In the study performed by Bifulco & Kwon, Jacobs, Moran, Bunn & Beer (2006) two non-directional hypotheses were made. The first one was that there is a relationship between insecure attachment and episodes of anxiety disorder and major depression. Sund & Wichstrom´s (2002) study investigated whether insecure attachment predicts future depressive symptoms when demographics and psychosocial factors, and stressful life events are controlled. Another study by Liu (2009) investigated how paternal and maternal attachments might relate to the adolescent´s peer support, social expectations of peer interactions, and depressive symptoms.
Margolese, Mickiewicz & Doyle (2004) examined the relative importance of a working model of attachment with the mother, the father, the best friend, and the romantic partner in the prediction of the adolescent´s depression. The different directional hypothesis was developed by Froh, DiGiuseppe & Li (2006) which included, the levels of the masculine and the feminine traits which predicted depression and masculinity was found to be positively associated with problems in focusing and distractive coping, and negatively related to ruminative coping. The study by Pullen, McCarthy & Graf (2003) investigated if there were differences in the adolescent´s depression using variables, such as age, gender, smoking and alcohol.